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Fund EcoMarket

the sustainable, responsible and ethical investment information hub

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Displaying 394 options from Fund EcoMarket
Print Fund Name SRI Style Product Region Asset Type Launch Date More info
Example Unclassified Other Not Set Unclassified 30/11/-0001 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

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SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

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SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

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Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

EdenTree Amity Short Dated Bond B Gr Unc Sustainability Themed OEIC/Unit Trust Global Fixed Interest 03/09/2017 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Social Freehold Feeder Trust I Social Themed OEIC/Unit Trust Global Property 18/05/2017
Baillie Gifford Positive Changes B Acc Ethically Balanced OEIC/Unit Trust Global Equity 03/01/2017 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • - No primary policy area

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Royal London Investment Grade Short Dated Credit Z Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Fixed Interest 07/12/2015 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The Fund invests predominantly in investment grade sterling bonds, of which these will be primarily short dated, which meet predefined ethical criteria. The policy of the Fund considers all of the following ethical issues: armaments and tobacco.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

 

  • Fund Size (GBP):   £348.60m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   £11,793.22m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   £1,416.04m as of 31 May 2017        (Please note that this figure only includes our sustainable range, however, RLAM’s Responsible Investment Policy will detail how this is an over-arching approach across most of the firm’s assets).
  • Total assets under management:    £104,507.32m as of 31 May 2017.

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Vote all* shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager votes or aims to vote all* the shares they own at Annual General Meetings and Extraordinary General Meetings. A commitment to voting shares is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' - where fund managers consider - and express their views on - the key business issues effecting the companies they part own. (*Allowance is made for exceptional situations such as when shares are in the process of being sold.)
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Our ethical investment process begins with screening for eligible investments, which is conducted by specialist independent consultancy EIRiS (Ethical Investment Research Services). With over 25 years’ experience, EIRiS is a leading provider of research into the environmental, social and governance (ESG) and ethical performance of companies. RLAM’s ethical framework combines the avoidance of companies involved in excluded activities with the identification of best of breed companies in permitted sectors.

 

Companies that generate over 10% of their turnover from either one or a combination of the following categories are excluded:

 

Armaments:        manufacturing armaments or nuclear weapons, or associated strategic products

Tobacco:             growing, processing or selling tobacco products

 

If a company breaches this threshold, then it is likely that that company’s involvement in that excluded sector is a noteworthy part of their business and strategy.

 

Also, this threshold is deemed to be realistic and appropriate in terms of assessing a company, given that it may not be possible to always pinpoint the exact turnover derived from an excluded activity. This threshold ensures that a minimum of 90% of each holding meets the ethical criteria.

 

There is no static list of firms and organisations eligible for investment by the Fund.  The ethical criteria screening process is ongoing and implemented pre-trade as part of the rigorous RLAM in-house credit analysis process coupled with independent ethical screening of issuing companies (and other companies that we request adhoc) carried out by the EIRiS. As per all of RLAM’s unit funds, weekly the Fund managers will sign off on the portfolio construction certifying that it adheres to the investment and borrowing powers as set out in the prospectus, and the Royal London Unit Trust Managers (RLUTM) Executive Committee will review the ethical criteria themselves on a quarterly basis.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

As previously outlined, our ethical investment process screening is conducted by specialist independent consultancy EIRiS (Ethical Investment Research Services). With over 25 years’ experience, EIRiS is a leading provider of research into the environmental, social and governance (ESG) and ethical performance of companies.

 

When researching a bond we typically use the following sources of corporate information:

 

  • Audited and unaudited financial accounts
  • Ratings reports/analysis
  • Company meetings/presentations
  • Third party equity/credit research
  • Specific investor reports
  • Barclays Live – key tool for relative value assessment
  • ·Regulatory News Service – ‘Investigate’
  • The Credit team employs a range of models, both external and bespoke.

 

The Credit team also uses a number of external providers of information for ongoing surveillance. Principally these are:

 

  • Bloomberg, which is used for bond analytics and descriptive data, including bond documentation and access to equity research reports.
  • S&P, through their ‘Ratings Direct’ and ‘Capital IQ’ services. Ratings Direct provides up to date access to bond rating reports and research and other company and sector financial data across the rated bond universe and Capital IQ provides access to reported financial information of thousands of listed and unlisted companies. Usefully, we are able to embed the financial data provided by Capital IQ into bespoke financial models that provide inputs that are relevant to RLAM’s evaluation of credit. This represents very time effective and high quality provision of credit ratios to enhance the decision making process in higher profile areas of the corporate bond market.
  • Barclay’s Live database to help assess relative value across issuers and sectors and the production of issuer credit curves.

 

This external data is used to supplement RLAM’s research effort and, in particular, enables our Analysts to focus their primary analysis and financial modelling on lower profile corporate bonds that we consider to be less extensively researched by the wider market. Maintenance of research does not follow a prescriptive formula but will typically tend to follow the reporting timetable of our bond issuers (e.g. RMBS/covered bonds – monthly; CMBS – quarterly; corporates – semi-annual) supplemented by the team’s ongoing focus on market developments and the formal alerts outlined above. Whilst we believe a flexible and interactive approach is optimal and practical given our team size, RLAM has a large database of relevant and targeted credit information that can be accessed by all members of the team effectively.

 

RLAM is well served by the sell-side community, particularly in the secured space, as our counterparties know the level of embedded knowledge across the team, both in terms of stocks and underlying client requirements, and the likelihood of receiving a prompt evaluation of any proposal.

 

It is worth re-emphasising that, whether primary inputs have been internally derived or otherwise, we will never delegate the final decision as to whether a bond is selected in our portfolios, given our very different philosophical approach to valuation. In addition, as previously discussed, our team structure and overlap between the research and Fund manager functions ensures that the stock selection process outlined above is not undertaken by any individuals operating in isolation from the rest of the team. By contrast, this process benefits from continuous and ongoing interaction between the whole team, allowing all members of the team, with different and complementary skills and experience, to contribute to investment decisions.

 

 

RLAM Voting Policy:   

 

 

Epworth Affirmative Corporate Bond Faith Based OEIC/Unit Trust UK Fixed Interest 01/10/2009
Aegon Ethical Lifestyle Pn ARC Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 01/06/2016
Zurich Mercer Sustainable Global Equity Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 04/09/2017
Phoenix Wealth AB Ethical Retirement 2005-2007 Pn Core Range Unclassified Pension Global Mixed Asset 02/01/2013
OMW EdenTree Amity International Pn Ethically Balanced Pension Global Equity 17/10/2008 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "EdenTree Amity International" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Premier Ethical Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity 01/05/1996 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Premier Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Syncona Ltd Social Themed Investment Trust Global Hedge 26/10/2012 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Scot Eq F&C Responsible UK Growth Pn Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity 27/11/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "BMO (F&C) Responsible UK Equity Growth" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Jupiter Ecology S4 Environmentally Themed Life Global Equity 30/11/-0001
EdenTree Amity International A Ethically Balanced OEIC/Unit Trust Global Equity 13/09/1999 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The Fund aims to achieve long term capital growth with a reasonable level of income through a diversified portfolio of international companies. The Amity International Fund seeks to invest in a portfolio of companies which make a positive contribution to society and the environment through sustainable and socially responsible practices. These Funds seek to avoid investment in certain areas such as companies which have a material involvement in alcohol, tobacco and weapon production, gambling and publication of violent or explicit materials.

 

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP):   £221.89m as at 31/05/2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   £550m as at 31 December 2016
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   100%
  • Total assets under management:   £2.5bn as at 31/05/2017

 

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Limits exposure to carbon intensive industries Find environmental, sustainable investment, ethical fund and other options that aim to significantly reduce or limit exposure to carbon intensive industries (ie sectors which are major contributors to climate change). Funds vary - strategies may involve excluding sectors such as coal, oil & gas, mining or airlines - or may indicate a 'best in sector' approach is taken. See fund literature for details.
  • Measures positive impacts Find funds that measure the positive effect of their investment decision making on society and/or the environment. (This may involve eg carbon saved or jobs supported.) Managers aim to quantify the benefits they deliver (relative to other strategies or other benchmarks) to ensure they are delivering positive benefiting. This is a new and evolving area. See fund literature for information
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Coal, oil &/or gas majors excluded Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that avoid significant involvement in coal, oil and/or gas producing companies. Funds vary. See individual fund literature to confirm details.
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Eurosif transparency Find funds that meet the standards of the EUROSIF transparency Code. This means that they are a leading fund in terms of openness and transparency, publishing - for example - extensive information about where they invest and how they deal with companies.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Faith friendly Find funds that have attributes that commonly suit the aims of investors of faith - although they may not be specifically marketed as being only for religious investors. Strategies vary (as do investor aims). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper
  • Over 50% small/mid cap Find funds where more than half of the funds' assets are invested in smaller or medium sized companies (ie below around £5 -10 billion).

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all* shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager votes or aims to vote all* the shares they own at Annual General Meetings and Extraordinary General Meetings. A commitment to voting shares is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' - where fund managers consider - and express their views on - the key business issues effecting the companies they part own. (*Allowance is made for exceptional situations such as when shares are in the process of being sold.)
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Ethical Approach

 

EIM is a pioneer of Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) and launched its first SRI investment fund in 1988. We utilise both negative and positive screening within the investment process. In respect of negative screening, we avoid companies whose activities derive in excess of 10% of their pre-tax profit or turnover from alcohol production, gambling, pornographic and violent material, tobacco production, strategic armaments, animal testing and intensive farming.

 

We look for the positive aspects in potential investments to ensure we invest in companies that are making a positive contribution to society and the environment. These may cover good business and corporate governance practices and community relations. We also look for companies promoting good standards of education, environmental management and healthcare. We look favourably upon companies which promote human rights, good labour relations and urban regeneration. As well as our own in-house research (including special thematic reports) we use a range of sources, including independent data from Risk Metrics in respect of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) issues.

 

EdenTree employs both negative and positive screening to its stock selection process and engages with companies before, during and after investing. This process is integrated into our overall investment management process and we use the following ‘screens’ when considering the suitability of an investment.

 

Positive Screening

 

Our positive screening approach centres on what we define as the ‘Nine Pillars’ of responsible investing.  We are particularly focused on areas that provide the necessities of life such as healthcare, water, education and housing, or products and services that are sourced ethically and produced sustainably. We also favour ‘solutions-focused’ companies that are leading the way in technologies that may help solve some of the world’s most challenging problems, such as climate change, alternative energy or water conservation. In addition, we focus on business behaviour, expecting the companies we invest in to have a well-managed policy for promoting human rights, environmental protection, labour rights and business ethics.

 

Negative Screening

 

Our negative screens include alcohol production, gambling operations, pornographic or violent material or weapon production. We also consider animal testing, oppressive regimes and intensive farming in our criteria when evaluating a company.

 

Amity Panel Review

 

The Amity Panel meet with the fund management and research team 3 or 4 times each year to review the Amity Fund portfolios, the recent investment decisions and to discuss the latest Socially Responsible research and trends. The purpose of the Amity Socially Responsible Investment Advisory Panel is to:-

 

• Help to ensure that the EdenTree Amity Range of Funds meet the stated aims and objectives.

• Provide advice in the formulation of policy in the light of changing social and environmental issues.

 

The Amity Panel will provide advice to the SRI team in a number of ways

 

• Advising on emerging issues or topics relevant to SRI criteria.

• Provide advice and guidance on individual companies or sectors.

• Provide advice and guidance on engagement work.

 

The independent panel is made up of a number of industry experts, including:

 

• The Right Reverend Dr Nigel Peyton – The Bishop of Brechin

• William Oulton – Global Head of Responsible Investments, First State Investments

• George Prescott – ex Ecclesiastical Deputy CEO and CFO, former ABI board member

• Helen Crosby – Sustainability Expert.

• Julie McDowell – Independent Consultant

 

The SRI team is responsible for ESG research and advising Fund Managers. The team has access to a number of external resources for decision making. We have appointed Sustainalytics as our ESG data provider which serves as a starting point for our ESG research. This is complemented by NGO sources, company reports, market news and SRI initiatives. The SRI team also directly meets with companies to discuss sustainability and governance issues.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

There is an in-house team responsible for the execution of our SRI policy; they focus on research, engagement and proxy voting.

 

 All UK proxy voting decisions (includes Guernsey, Jersey and Isle of Man) are taken and executed in-house, signed off by a Fund Manager. We take IVIS (Institutional Voting Information Service) provided by the Investment Association to inform thinking. We have appointed Glass Lewis & Co. to be our sole discretionary research and proxy execution provider in all jurisdictions other than the United Kingdom (including Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), delegating to it the responsibility for the instruction and execution of international proxy voting at all general and special international company meetings.

 

The team shares responsibility for company engagement, whether it is in house or in partnership with SRI organisations or other investors.

FNW F&C Responsible UK Income Ethically Balanced Life UK Equity Income 21/07/2006
Phoenix Wealth Kames Ethical Equity Negative Ethical Life UK Equity 29/01/2010
Pru Kames Ethical Equity Pn Ser A Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 20/10/2008 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Kames Ethical Equity" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva F&C Responsible UK Equity Growth AL Ethically Balanced Life UK Equity 14/05/2007
Aviva Threadneedle UK Social Bond PN Social Themed Pension UK Fixed Interest 02/10/2014
Standard Life SLI Ethical Corporate Bond S1 Negative Ethical Life Not Set Fixed Interest 11/03/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Liontrust Sustainable Future European Growth Pn S2 Sustainability Themed Pension Europe Ex-UK Equity 06/04/2001 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Liontrust Sustainable Future European Growth" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Kames Ethical Equity Pn S6 Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 29/09/2008 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Kames Ethical Equity" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Stewardship International Ethically Balanced Life Global Equity 01/12/2002
Jupiter Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 01/03/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Jupiter engage on all equity and mixed assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • - No primary policy area

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Kames Ethical Equity A Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity 28/04/1989 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

We launched our first ethical equity fund in 1989. Since then, we have broadened our ethical capabilities to include ethical corporate bond and cautious managed funds. Today we are distinctive among fund providers in offering such a broad suite of ethical products. Some of the characteristics of our ethical proposition are:

  • We are committed to ethical investing
  • Ethical companies make good investments.
  • ‘Dark green’ funds operate strict ethical principles.
  • Our ethical funds are rated by Morningstar OBSR.
  • A 2014 survey named Kames Capital as one of only three ethical investment providers to be used by over 70% of financial advisers which are members of the Ethical Investment Association. 

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP): £603.00 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management: £1,748.84 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total assets under management: £45,335 million as at 31/03/2017

 

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.

Corporate Activity

  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

All three of Kames Capital’s ethical funds apply the same ‘negative’ screen. This means that we screen companies out of the potential investment universe based on certain unacceptable activities. Because we apply stringent screening criteria, our funds are considered ‘dark green’. We do not screen out whole sectors, but some may largely be excluded because of the nature of their business activities.

Our screening criteria are clear and explicit. Certain ethical issues, however, are not black or white. Our 20 years’ experience of managing ethical investments means we can consider these issues appropriately when they arise.

We do not apply ‘positive screening’ criteria like some other funds. The funds may invest in themes that could be considered ‘socially responsible’, like alternative energy or social housing companies, but only if these companies pass our negative screens.

We aim for transparency in our screening process. This means it is easy for clients to understand the types of companies we exclude. Our underlying philosophy is to avoid companies that cause significant negative effects in society or the environment. 

We use both external screening databases and in-house research to ensure companies meet our ethical criteria and are suitable for investment. Our Corporate Governance team focuses on the screening and research, freeing our fund managers to focus solely on stock selection and portfolio construction.

Our ‘dark green’ screen is ideally suited to investors looking for a more stringent ethical philosophy. It adopts a negative approach that screens companies out of our funds’ potential investment universe if they engage in certain unacceptable activities. Examples of our screening process are shown below:

  • Animal Welfare
  • Military
  • Nuclear power
  • Environment
  • Political Donations
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gambling
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Pornography
  • Banks
  • Oppressive Regimes

Kames Capital aims to be a responsible investor. We ensure that we identify and understand the key environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in. We do this because evidence suggests that companies who rank among the leaders in governance and sustainability tend to outperform as investments over the long term.

Our approach to responsible investment is consistent with the UK Stewardship Code. The Code sets out good practice Principles on engagement with investee companies which UK-based institutional investors should aspire to. You can download our compliance statement from our website.

We are also a signatory to the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (UN PRI). The UN PRI is the principal international investor initiative to drive the integration of environmental, social and governance issues into investment decision making. The initiative places a formal requirement on signatories to be active, responsible shareholders and report annually on activities and progress in a transparent manner.

 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Our corporate governance team is responsible for the analysis of relevant environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. They are responsible for identifying the key ESG risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in and in turn providing our fund managers with succinct, relevant data that could have investment consequences. Our corporate governance team is linked to equivalent individuals in other Aegon Asset Management country offices.

We use a range of data sources for ESG research purposes and these resources have increased significantly in the last few years as the quality of the data available has improved.  Resources currently include:

  • MSCI ESG Manager – company ESG research platform
  • EIRIS Portfolio Manager – company ESG research platform
  • ASSET4 assetmasterProfessional –  company ESG research platform
  • RiskMetrics ProxyExchange – proxy voting research and processing
  • The Association of British Insurers (ABI) IVIS proxy voting research service 
  • BoardEx - corporate board and remuneration database
  • Specialist databases, such as UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI), Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and Extractives Industry Transparency Directive (EITI)
  • Specialist research from brokers and academics
  • Various specialist journal subscriptions

A strong relationship exists between our corporate governance team and our fund managers, which enables material non-financial information to be incorporated into our investment processes. ESG research reports produced by our corporate governance team sit alongside all the other existing investment research undertaken by our fund managers on a given security. The corporate governance team also provide relevant news-flow and commentary on ESG issues to our fund managers that they might not receive from other sources.  

Our fund managers consider ESG research alongside other relevant financial and non-financial factors in the investment decision-making process. The importance that the fund manager attaches to ESG issues is in proportion to their ability to influence security prices.

 

BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 29/01/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

At BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA), we have been a leader in the development of responsible investment strategies for almost three decades. Responsible Investment is central to our corporate identity and integral to our global investment philosophy. We offer a range of screened funds – the Responsible Funds range - and advisory solutions for retail and institutional investors across the investment spectrum from corporate credit to public and private equity. Our track record in ESG dates back to 1984, when we launched the UK’s first ethical strategy, the F&C Responsible UK Equity Growth strategy (formerly stewardship Growth). Our range has since broadened to include a range of ethical and thematic strategies, as well as a comprehensive approach to engagement and voting. In 2000, we launched our flagship reo® service which continues to be a market-leading engagement overlay service. As at 31 December 2015, reocovered a total of £71 billion in assets under engagement for both internal and external assets.

We have a range of policies in relation to our responsible investment activities which include:

  • Responsible Ownership Policy, giving an overview of our activities on integration, engagement and voting;
  • Corporate Governance Guidelines, which form the basis of our approach to voting as well as to engagement on governance issues. These guidelines are updated annually on the basis of international best practice and our own views. We believe in a transparent approach and publish all our voting decisions, as well as the rationale for these;
  • Responsible Investment Conflicts of Interest Policy, setting out how we identify and manage any potential conflicts relating to our activities in this area;
  • Statements of compliance against the UK Stewardship Code and transparency report for the UN Principles for Responsible Investment.


We are actively engaged in efforts to improve regulation and policies related to ESG issues, both through our membership of collaborative organisations such as the UN PRI (United Nations Principle for Responsible Investment), International Corporate Governance Network (ICGN) and Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA) and through our own policy work.

Engagement (underpinned by in-house and third party research), proxy voting and reporting have been an integral part of our reo® service since its launch in 2000.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • - No primary policy area

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all* shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager votes or aims to vote all* the shares they own at Annual General Meetings and Extraordinary General Meetings. A commitment to voting shares is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' - where fund managers consider - and express their views on - the key business issues effecting the companies they part own. (*Allowance is made for exceptional situations such as when shares are in the process of being sold.)
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

We have long believed that ESG factors can influence company performance and that consideration of ESG factors in the investment process can reduce investment risk and underpin long-term returns. We believe this is an important consideration that has relevance across asset classes and investment styles. ESG integration involves consideration of factors such as environmental performance, human rights, business ethics and corporate governance as a part of the investment decision-making process; we believe it should be a standard part of analysing the true long-term value of a business.

BMO Global Asset Management was a founder signatory to the UN PRI and has been committed since the launch of UN PRI in 2006. We receive annual feedback from the UN PRI on how we implement the six voluntary principles. In the last publishable scoring provided in 2011, we ranked top quartile on all six principles compared to our investment management peers.

For further information on BMO Global Asset Management’s capabilities in this area, a comprehensive range of related literature is available for download at the following address: http://www.bmogam.com/uk/institutional/products/responsible-investment/.

BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) has a robust and well-established process in selecting companies and issues to engage with. We engage: proactively – by identifying through analysis weaknesses in companies; reactively – as incidents and events take place; and thematically – by identifying issues that are relevant across sectors or regions.

We measure our engagement success through “milestones,” which are positive engagement outcomes with companies. A milestone is an improvement in company ESG policy, management systems or practices, directly as a result of BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) engagement.

BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) offers a unique combination of specialist knowledge in the area of corporate governance and significant investment expertise. This gives us a deep understanding of the potential impact of corporate governance issues and matters arising from the Annual General Meeting (AGM)/Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM) business on company performance. Our GSI team approaches proxy voting analysis through an investment lens, with our voting decisions and our corporate governance guidelines and proxy voting policies informed by our experience of investing in and engaging with companies globally. We report to clients on our voting and engagement activities on a regular basis and publish our voting decisions immediately after company AGMs.

It is hard to identify a single pattern in our engagement outcomes, but some of the areas where we believe we have been particularly successful are:

  • Engagement with companies in historically under-engaged markets, where we have local language and knowledge. Although building relationships takes time we find that once trust is there, significant change can be achieved. Our Japanese team member is currently seeing major governance improvements in that market (in part a result of a changed political environment, but also investor pressure). Our Chinese team member is encouraged by a marked improvement in the quality of dialogue Chinese companies are willing to have, but this remains a market where the timescales for change are slow.
  • Engagement on corporate governance issues, particularly in markets where remuneration votes are mandatory (e.g. UK, US). Increasingly, we find companies approaching us for advice or consultation well ahead of their AGM, particularly given our status as a large asset manager. This means we can achieve results before the issue even goes to a vote.
  • Engagement with extractives companies. We have highly experienced engagers specialising in the mining and oil and gas sectors. As well as relationships with the majors, they have also engaged with lesser-known companies in their sectors, using the knowledge gained from their larger peers. They have also been engaging extensively on the ‘stranded assets’ issue; by its nature, the results of this will only be seen over time.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

The GSI team is based in our Head Office in London and is outlined below:

  • Vicki Bakhshi, Head of GSI, Region Covered: Global, Themes/Sectors Covered: Climate Change, 15 years sustainability/investment experience, 9 years at firm
  • Claudia Wearmouth, Director, Region Covered: Global, Themes/Sectors Covered: Responsible Funds, 13 years sustainability/investment experience, 8 years at firm
  • Matthias Beer, Associate Director, Region Covered: Europe, Themes/Sectors Covered: Oil and Gas sector, 14 years sustainability/investment experience, 6 years at firm
  • Juan Salazar, Associate Director, Region Covered: Latin America, Themes/Sectors Covered: Mining Sector / Human Rights, 17 years sustainability/investment experience, 6 years at firm
  • Yo Takatsuki, Associate Director, Region Covered:  Asia, Themes/Sectors Covered: Pharmaceuticals, 12 years sustainability/investment experience, 4 years at firm
  • Kalina Lazarova, Associate Director, Region Covered: Europe, Themes/Sectors Covered: European / Governance, 12 years sustainability/investment experience, 1 year at firm
  • Manuel Isaza, Associate Director, Region Covered: US & Latin America, Themes/Sectors Covered: North American Governance / Banks, 13 years sustainability/investment experience, 1 year at firm
  • Liat Reback, Analyst, Region Covered: Global, Themes/Sectors Covered: Consumer Staples, 2 years sustainability/investment experience, 2 years at firm
  • Tenisha Elliott, Data & Systems Analyst, 6 years sustainability/investment experience, 3 years at firm
  • Olivia Baker, Data & Reporting Analyst, 4 years sustainability/investment experience, 2 years at firm


Our in-house quantitative ESG Risk Tool, provides ESG related scores on more than 6,000 companies around the world. This includes input from external providers such as MSCI ESG. We focus on companies which represent the most material financial holdings in reo® clients’ portfolios. Our ESG Risk Tool captures ESG risks faced by a company as a result of its own policies and performance, as well as those faced more broadly as a result of sector and countries of operations.

BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) draws on a range of specialist ESG research sources to inform proxy voting and engagement activities. We are using Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) for global proxy voting research and vote execution services. In addition, we are using Institutional Voting Information Service (IVIS) for supplementary advice on FTSE All-Share companies. Other relevant resources include: sell-side brokers (corporate governance and sustainability research), MSCI (ESG factors), Governance Metrics International (corporate governance risk ratings). We also consider research by broader stakeholders including NGOs such as Transparency International (anti-corruption), Oxfam and Human Rights Watch. Our research is also informed by our networks that may provide briefings and publications, including the UN PRI, International Corporate Governance Network (ICGN) and Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA). We may also draw on external consultants with expertise in particular areas, although presently we have no such arrangements underway. Our providers are reviewed on a regular basis to ensure we are getting the best possible quality of service and analysis.

At BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) we have always seen the importance of working with collaborative organizations and initiatives to achieve effective change. We are actively engaged in efforts to improve regulation and policies related to ESG issues, both through our membership of collaborative organisations such as the UN PRI, Investment Management Association (UK), Eumedion, Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change, International Corporate Governance Network, and through our own policy work.

The initiatives and organisations that we are involved with to promote ESG best practice are:

  • UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UN PRI) including workstreams on Human Capital, Palm Oil and representation on the Clearinghouse Steering Committee (Signatory at launch in 2006)
  • Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and CDP Carbon Action (Signatory at launch in 2000)
  • Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC) 2001
  • Access to Nutrition Index 2013
  • Global Network Initiative (GNI)
  • Interfaith Centre on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR)
  • Eumedion
  • Ceres
  • International Corporate Governance Network (ICGN)
  • Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA)
  • Global Investor Governance Network (GIGN)
  • Investment Management Association (IMA)
  • 30% Club (on board diversity)
  • Council of Institutional Investors (CII)
  • Extractives Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI)
  • The UK Sustainable Investment & Finance Association (UKSIF)


Examples of our work with various initiatives to promote responsible investment include our long term support of the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), which our parent company, Bank of Montreal, is a member of. In 2009 we were a signatory to the 2009 Investor Statement on the Urgent Need for a Global Agreement on Climate Change, an initiative led by UNEP FI. We continue to collaborate with the initiative. An example of our work with UNEP FI is our recent endorsement of an investor statement encouraging the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) to improve global corporate ESG disclosure. The Investor Initiative for Sustainable Exchanges (IISE), in which BMO Global Asset Management (EMEA) has participated actively for the past two years, collaborated with UN PRI and UNEP FI to launch this investor sign-on statement encouraging IOSCO to take specific steps to improve the state of global corporate ESG disclosure including: new rules assessing the current state of sustainability reporting and spearheading conversations with the regulatory community about setting global standards for ESG disclosure.

Aviva Liontrust Sustainable Future Global Growth Pn S2 Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 06/04/2001 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Liontrust Sustainable Future Global Growth" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Cler Med Evergreen Pn Ethically Balanced Pension Global Equity 01/03/1990
B&CE The People's Pension Fund 0.5Pn Unclassified Pension Global Equity 30/11/-0001
Aviva Liontrust Sustainable Future Corporate Bond Pn S2 Sustainability Themed Pension Europe >50% UK Fixed Interest 06/04/2001 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Liontrust Sustainable Future Corporate Bond" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Mym Legal & General (PMC) Ethical Global Equity Index Pn Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 03/05/2016
Aviva Ethical Distribution AL Acc Negative Ethical Life UK Mixed Asset 01/05/2008 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Invests via AXA ethical fund - negative screen bias, a distribution fund ABI Mixed Investment 20-60% shares

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Scot Eq Ethical Negative Ethical Life UK Equity 01/08/1989
Castlefield B.E.S.T. Income Fund Ethically Balanced OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity Income 02/05/2006 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

In addition to traditional business and financial criteria, the fund's investment objectives include consideration of environmental, ethical, social, governance and other similar issues. This is reflected in the name of the Fund where "B.E.S.T" is intended to indicate the investment criteria that will be applied to the Fund: Business & financial, Environmental & ethical, Social & governance; and Transparency.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

 

  • Fund Size (GBP):   c.£27.1 (as at 11 August 2017)
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   c.£224
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   c.£224m
  • Total assets under management:   c.£600m

 

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Limits exposure to carbon intensive industries Find environmental, sustainable investment, ethical fund and other options that aim to significantly reduce or limit exposure to carbon intensive industries (ie sectors which are major contributors to climate change). Funds vary - strategies may involve excluding sectors such as coal, oil & gas, mining or airlines - or may indicate a 'best in sector' approach is taken. See fund literature for details.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Coal, oil &/or gas majors excluded Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that avoid significant involvement in coal, oil and/or gas producing companies. Funds vary. See individual fund literature to confirm details.
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Faith friendly Find funds that have attributes that commonly suit the aims of investors of faith - although they may not be specifically marketed as being only for religious investors. Strategies vary (as do investor aims). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all* shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager votes or aims to vote all* the shares they own at Annual General Meetings and Extraordinary General Meetings. A commitment to voting shares is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' - where fund managers consider - and express their views on - the key business issues effecting the companies they part own. (*Allowance is made for exceptional situations such as when shares are in the process of being sold.)
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

The Castlefield investment team employ both negative and positive screening criteria to ensure that we remain true the Castlefield approach of “Thoughtful Investing”. The B.E.S.T investment selection methodology identifies investments not only based on traditional financial criteria, but also on a range of other critical success factors. To Castlefield, issues like environmental and social impact, good standards of corporate governance and overall transparency are not just ‘nice to have’; they’re key to generating sound returns, linked to a proper appreciation of risk, defined in its widest sense. This involves excluding companies that are incompatible with this investment view. Exclusion criteria include:

 

•             Companies whose main business is the manufacture and/or retail of alcoholic beverages.

•             Companies involved in the manufacture of animal-tested cosmetics.

•             Companies involved in the retailing of fur, or products containing fur.

•             Companies in the Aerospace & Defence industry.

•             Companies in the Oil & Gas Producers, and Mining industry sectors.

•             Companies in the Gambling industry.

•             Companies involved in the generation of electricity from nuclear power are excluded.

•             Companies involved in pornography, where this is a main part of their business.

•             Companies in the tobacco industry sector are excluded.

 

Fund manager, Simon Holman, will also look to favour companies that offer benefits to society and seek to mitigate their environmental impact through implementation of progressive policies or the generation of clean energy and technology.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Castlefield is a small firm that specialises in the provision of ethical investment options. As such, the idea of Thoughtful Investing is ingrained into our investment approach meaning everyone on the investment team helps

to analyse potential holdings according to the B.E.S.T principles. Simon Holman is the fund manager and so has the final say on investment decisions following research and discussion amongst the 10 strong team.  The investment team can be found here: http://www.castlefield.com/about-castlefield/meet-the-team/ 

 

We subscribe to the Ethical Screening database to research the investable universe according to a wide range of criteria. We also subscribe to IVIS (Institutional Voting Information Service) in order to get detailed information on forthcoming company votes. This helps us carry out our Stewardship duties more effectively.

L&G F&C Responsible Global Equity Pn 3 Ethically Balanced Pension Global Equity 01/11/2011
Scot Eq Ethical Managed Pn Negative Ethical Pension Global Mixed Asset 03/10/2012
SLFC (Citibank) Green 1 Environmentally Themed Life Global Equity 30/06/1992
Threadneedle Ethical UK Equity Sustainability Themed OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity 30/10/2015 More Info (click to view)