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Fund EcoMarket

the sustainable, responsible and ethical investment information hub

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SRI Classification

SRI Attributes (primary entries only)

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Displaying 370 options from Fund EcoMarket
Print Fund Name SRI Style Product Region Asset Type Launch Date More info
Example Unclassified DFM/Portfolio Planner* Not Set Unclassified 01/01/1970 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

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SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

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SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

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Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

RLP Ethical Bond Pn Unclassified Pension UK Fixed Interest 26/03/2010
Zurich Mercer Sustainable Global Equity Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 03/09/2017
Epworth Affirmative Corporate Bond Faith Based OEIC/Unit Trust UK Fixed Interest 30/09/2009
Scottish Widows ThreadneedleUK Social Bond Social Themed Life UK Fixed Interest 14/11/2016
Sterling Kames Ethical Corporate Bond Negative Ethical Life Not Set Fixed Interest 01/07/2007
Scot Eq Ethical Pn Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 31/03/1988
Foresight Solar & Infrastructure VCT PLC C Ord 1p Environmentally Themed Investment Trust Global Equity 04/04/2013
SWIS Ethical Ethically Balanced Life Global Equity 31/10/2000
Metlife Aegon Ethical Equity Negative Ethical Life UK Equity 01/02/2009
Foresight Solar VCT PLC Ord 1P Environmentally Themed Investment Trust UK Equity 02/11/2010
EdenTree Amity Balanced Fund for Charities Ethically Balanced OEIC/Unit Trust Global Mixed Asset 03/04/2011
AXA Ethical Distribution Ret Acc Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Mixed Asset 24/11/2008
OMW Aberdeen Ethical World Equity Ethically Balanced Life Global Equity 27/06/2006
Aviva Stewardship Income Pn NGP Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity Income 31/03/2005
Aviva Ethical Distribution AP Acc Negative Ethical Pension UK Mixed Asset 30/04/1998 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "AXA Ethical Distribution" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

OMW IPL L&G Ethical UK Equity Index Pn Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity 12/04/2017 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Standard Life Investments UK Ethical Pn S1 Negative Ethical Pension UK Unclassified 29/06/1998 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Standard Life Inv UK Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

UK Mixed Assets

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Phoenix Wealth Kames Ethical Corporate Bond Pn S4 Negative Ethical Pension UK Fixed Interest 19/10/2008 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Kames Ethical Corporate Bond" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Impax Environmental Markets (Ireland) Fund Environmentally Themed OEIC/Unit Trust Global Equity 09/12/2004 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Impax Environmental Markets (Ireland) Fund is an Ireland listed OEIC pursuing a long-only global equity strategy investing in pure play - or "specialist" - environmental companies.  The Fund has over 80% of the underlying revenue of the portfolio companies generated by sales of environmental products or services. It also demonstrates a net positive carbon impact.   

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP): £148.3m (as at end April 2017)
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:  £6,003.2m (as at end April 2017)
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy: £6,003.2m (as at end April 2017)
  • Total assets under management: £6,003.2m (as at end April 2017)

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Measures positive impacts Find funds that measure the positive effect of their investment decision making on society and/or the environment. (This may involve eg carbon saved or jobs supported.) Managers aim to quantify the benefits they deliver (relative to other strategies or other benchmarks) to ensure they are delivering positive benefiting. This is a new and evolving area. See fund literature for information
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • Norms focus Find funds that use internationally agreed standards, conventions and 'norms' to help direct where the fund can and cannot invest (e.g. the UN Global Compact, UN Sustainable Development Goals). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Faith friendly Find funds that have attributes that commonly suit the aims of investors of faith - although they may not be specifically marketed as being only for religious investors. Strategies vary (as do investor aims). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Clean energy themed Find funds that in clean technology / clean energy companies. See fund information for further details.
  • Over 50% small/mid cap Find funds where more than half of the funds' assets are invested in smaller or medium sized companies (ie below around £5 -10 billion).

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Impax Environmental Markets (Ireland) Fund is solely focused on investing in Resource Efficiency and Environmental Markets. The Fund applies a positive screening approach to companies operating within these diverse high growth markets.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

We are members of, or signatory to the following:

  • UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI)

  • Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC)

  • Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR)

  • Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

  • UK Sustainable Investment and Finance Association (UKSIF)

  • USSIF

  • UK Stewardship Code

  • Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN)

     

Impax Asset Management has also been awarded a Queen’s Award for Enterprise: Sustainable Development, the UK’s highest business accolade for business success.

EQ Positive Impact Portfolios Sustainability Themed DFM/Portfolio Planner* Global Mixed Asset 30/08/2017 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The Positive Impact Portfolios have been created for clients who wish to have their money managed with the aim of creating a positive socio-environmental impact while benefiting from strategic or tactical capital allocation decisions.

It is not enough to simply limit damage to the environment and avoid causing social ills. We intentionally go further than that so our screening and research process actively selects funds which, in turn, actively allocate capital towards both social and environmental improvements.

 

Alongside our socio-environmental scoring processes, our investment management team apply their knowledge to find opportunities which they believe have the potential to beat equivalent but less responsibly managed funds in terms of the financial returns they can deliver.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP):   About £50 million
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   Over £100 million
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   Over £100 million
  • Total assets under management:   £700 million

 

 

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Limits exposure to carbon intensive industries Find environmental, sustainable investment, ethical fund and other options that aim to significantly reduce or limit exposure to carbon intensive industries (ie sectors which are major contributors to climate change). Funds vary - strategies may involve excluding sectors such as coal, oil & gas, mining or airlines - or may indicate a 'best in sector' approach is taken. See fund literature for details.
  • Measures positive impacts Find funds that measure the positive effect of their investment decision making on society and/or the environment. (This may involve eg carbon saved or jobs supported.) Managers aim to quantify the benefits they deliver (relative to other strategies or other benchmarks) to ensure they are delivering positive benefiting. This is a new and evolving area. See fund literature for information
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Coal, oil &/or gas majors excluded Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that avoid significant involvement in coal, oil and/or gas producing companies. Funds vary. See individual fund literature to confirm details.
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.

SRI Features

  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper
  • Clean energy themed Find funds that in clean technology / clean energy companies. See fund information for further details.
  • Over 50% small/mid cap Find funds where more than half of the funds' assets are invested in smaller or medium sized companies (ie below around £5 -10 billion).

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

The process really starts with the search for companies whose products and services will make a positive impact to the society. We are using the UN Sustainable Development Goals as a framework to focus on the key issues that need to be tackled. Launched following the 2015 UN Summit in Paris, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals address the issues the UN sees as most challenging to our world; environmental, social and economic between now and 2030.

It is also important to screen out the most controversial sectors such as tobacco, armaments, gambling or pornography. So, at EQ Investors, we have developed a proprietary GreenCard scoring system, which focuses on companies providing solutions to a range of social and environmental problems while screening out companies responsible for creating these problems.

 

As a result of this screening process, some of the Sustainable Development Goals align with significant investment opportunities for the Positive Impact Portfolios such as good health and well-being or affordable and clean energy while others do not represent realistic investment opportunities at all.

 

To measure the impact achieved by the portfolios, we have produced an impact report  that details how the companies we invest in align to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. We have also measured the impact generated by measuring a number of key performance indicators.

 

Finally, it is worth mentioning that a bespoke version of the Positive Impact Portfolios are available where a focus can be made on specific Sustainable Development Goals.

 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

EQ Investors and its employees have been involved for several years in impact investing and this experience led us to the creation of the Positive Impact Portfolios, with the objective of making impact investing available to mainstream investors.

We are a team of 10, comprising:

-        4 full time investment analysts with different sector coverage

-        2 portfolio managers with sector coverage as well

-        3 investment managers

-        2 directors involved in strategic investment decisions

All the research is carried out internally and we use a few third party providers to help us with data collection.

L&G IM Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 01/03/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

L&G engage on all equity and mixed assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

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SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Zurich Kames Ethical Corporate Bond ZP Negative Ethical Pension Europe >50% UK Fixed Interest 01/07/2007 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Kames Ethical Corporate Bond" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Standard Life Inv UK Ethical Trust Ret Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity 16/02/1998 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Standard Life Investments’ UK Ethical Equity Fund aims to provide long-term growth by investing in a diversified portfolio of UK equity assets that meet the strict ethical criteria determined by ongoing ethical investor research. The Fund is actively managed by our investment team, utilising a bottom-up, fundamental investment process that is both research intensive and risk aware. The Portfolio Manager excludes companies that fail to meet our ethical criteria while seeking to include companies whose business activities are regarded as making a positive contribution to society. These criteria are agreed with the Standard Life Ethical Funds Advisory Group and may be amended from time to time.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview:
  

  • Fund Size (GBP): £258.6 million as of 31 March 2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:  £2,571.2 million as of 31 March 2017
  • Standard Life Investments has a total of £277,929.6 million assets under management as of 31 December 2016

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Balances company 'pros and cons'/best in sector Find ethical funds and other options that consider both the 'positive' things companies do and the 'negative' things they do in order to make balanced, often complex decisions about where they might invest. Such funds often invest in the best/most ethical companies across most industries ('best in sector'), rather than excluding entire sectors. The fund manager may combine this with 'responsible engagement' activity to encourage better business practices. See fund literature for specific policy explanations.
  • Eurosif transparency Find funds that meet the standards of the EUROSIF transparency Code. This means that they are a leading fund in terms of openness and transparency, publishing - for example - extensive information about where they invest and how they deal with companies.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Standard Life Investments recognises that the world faces significant environmental and social challenges. Our Ethical Funds seek to invest in companies that are supporting the solutions to these challenges and uphold the highest standards of corporate responsibility. The criteria of the ethical investment policy aim to reflect this.

Positive Criteria

Using positive criteria, we favour companies that are involved in activities that benefit society and the environment. We use the UN Global Compact to define the four areas where we seek positive business practices and services.

  • Environment: We seek to invest in companies that have a positive impact on the environment, and contribute to environmental protection and enhancement through its products and services.
  • Human Rights & Community: We seek companies that respect and support the human rights of those affected by its business, offer products and services that provide access to some of the world’s most basic rights, and have strong relationships within their communities.
  • Employment: We seek to invest in companies that have strong labour practices, and implement strong safety, health and welfare policies.
  • Anti-bribery & Corruption: We favour investment in companies that uphold the highest standards of business ethics and demonstrate strong anti-corruption policies, and adopted and embed a code which encourages employees to follow principles of good business behaviour and positive corporate culture.

 Corporate Governance

The funds adopt a formal corporate governance policy. We actively vote at the AGMs of the companies held in the funds. Due consideration is given to issues such as board independence, excessive remuneration and audit issues. Voting is conducted within the terms of the Ethical Funds Investment Policy and in the best of interests of the investors in the funds.

In addition, the funds will adopt a policy of voting:

  • against the Chairman of any company where the board fails to have set policy, have oversight or take responsibility for environmental, social, health & safety and human rights issues.
  • against members of any health, safety and environment committee where insufficient oversight has resulted in poor performance in these areas.

Engagement

The fund pursues an active engagement policy. We engage with companies on a range of environmental and social issues with the aim that good corporate behaviour is adopted by the companies in which the funds invest. Where engagement proves ineffective and concerns remain over corporate behaviour and oversight of these issues, we will disinvest from a company. It is our ambition that this active engagement will challenge and encourage companies in which the funds invest to improve their environmental and social performance and practices.

Negative Criteria

If a company is involved in the activities listed below, the funds will avoid investment in them.

  • Environmental damage and pollution
  • Weapons
  • Human rights abuses
  • Nuclear
  • Alcohol production
  • Animal testing
  • Animal husbandry
  • Fur
  • Pornography
  • Marketing breast milk substitutes
  • Tobacco
  • Gambling
  • Poor business practices

Fracking is not explicitly excluded, though is unlikely to pass our environmental screen.

The funds will also avoid companies that have failed one or more of the ten principles of the UN Global Compact.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Standard Life Investments has had a long history of taking ESG issues into account. We have heavily invested in resources dedicated to the analysis of ESG themes. In particular, we have two teams focusing on the integration of these issues into our investment process:

1) our Governance & Stewardship Team, who analyses how a company is governed and implements an active voting process, and

2) our Responsible Investment Team, who assess companies on sustainability issues. 

Within our regional equity teams, fund management and research is a combined role, whereby each equity manager is individually accountable for stocks held in their portfolios, while at the same time working as a team through review and debate of investment ideas based on the research they have conducted in each sector. Each of our regional equity teams (UK, Europe, North America and GEM/Asia) is organised in this way, creating a common research platform for all equity products where analysis and resources are freely shared.

The vast majority of our investment ideas are generated from information and analysis from one-on-one company meetings. Collectively, more than 3,000 company meetings are conducted annually across Standard Life Investments. These meetings are used to ascertain the company’s own views and expectations of the future prospects for their company and the markets in which they invest. External secondary research is also generated to gain insight on the consensus view and supplement our own proprietary research. This includes the use of industry experts such as Gerson Lehrman Group (GLG), and the Coleman Research Group, to challenge and test our theses in specialist products or developing new areas. The sell-side research available in the market provides a useful gauge as to what is already known or priced in by the markets.

In addition, both our Governance & Stewardship and Responsible Investment Teams have a systematic programme of ongoing engagement with companies to encourage and monitor sustainability practices, and to discuss a range of relevant corporate governance issues such as Board balance and composition, remuneration policies, and audit and risk issues. These Teams are closely integrated with our asset class teams and regularly attend company meetings together, providing analysis from both a financial and ESG perspective to get a comprehensive view of the company. Our main ESG data providers are Sustainalytics, Bloomberg, GMI, Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and IVIS. Additionally, EIRiS, an independent research agency, is a key system used to determine which companies comply with our strict ethical criteria within our Ethical Funds. We input our negative and positive criteria into the EIRiS web-based database system, which then generates lists of the companies that pass or fail the criteria. We also use the system to identify which companies are rated as “preferred” on the basis of their positive criteria. These ratings are added to our proprietary quantitative model, which used by our regional equity investors as a screening input and decision support tool to their stock analysis process using normal investment criteria.

Ultimate accountability for the investment decisions within the portfolio is the responsibility of the appointed Portfolio Manager.

Impax Environmental Markets plc Environmentally Themed Investment Trust Global Equity 22/02/2002 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Impax Environmental Markets plc is a London listed investment trust pursuing a long-only global equity strategy investing in pure play - or "specialist" - environmental companies.  The trust has over 80% of the underlying revenue of the portfolio companies generated by sales of environmental products or services. It is also the first listed equity fund to demonstrate a net positive carbon impact.   

  

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Measures positive impacts Find funds that measure the positive effect of their investment decision making on society and/or the environment. (This may involve eg carbon saved or jobs supported.) Managers aim to quantify the benefits they deliver (relative to other strategies or other benchmarks) to ensure they are delivering positive benefiting. This is a new and evolving area. See fund literature for information
  • Climate change / GHG policy Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that pay significant attention to climate change related issues such as greenhouse gas/carbon emissions. Strategies vary, see fund literature for individual fund information.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • Norms focus Find funds that use internationally agreed standards, conventions and 'norms' to help direct where the fund can and cannot invest (e.g. the UN Global Compact, UN Sustainable Development Goals). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Faith friendly Find funds that have attributes that commonly suit the aims of investors of faith - although they may not be specifically marketed as being only for religious investors. Strategies vary (as do investor aims). Read fund literature for further information.

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Impax Environmental Markets plc is solely focused on investing in Resource Efficiency and Environmental Markets. The trust applies a positive screening approach to companies operating within these diverse high growth markets.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

We are members of, or signatory to the following:

  • UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI)

  • Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC)

  • Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR)

  • Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

  • UK Sustainable Investment and Finance Association (UKSIF)

  • USSIF

  • UK Stewardship Code

  • Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN)

    Impax Asset Management has also been awarded a Queen’s Award for Enterprise: Sustainable Development, the UK’s highest business accolade for business success.

Aviva F&C Responsible Global Equity Pn S6 Ethically Balanced Pension Global Equity 28/09/2008
Jupiter Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 01/03/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Jupiter engage on all equity and mixed assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

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SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Scot Wid Ethical Pn S2 Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 24/10/2004 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Scot Wid Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.  

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Blackrock LGIM Ethical Global Equity Index P Sustainability Themed Life Global Equity 29/03/2010
Royal London Sustainable Diversified Sustainability Themed OEIC/Unit Trust Global Mixed Asset 23/07/2009 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

RLAM’s investment philosophy is to take the principle of sustainability and apply it across different geographies and asset classes. We define sustainable investing as investing in companies that have a net positive benefit to society either through the products and services they offer or in the way they conduct their business. In doing this we support companies having a positive impact on society whilst at the same time growing investor capital.

 

Although the Trust adopts positive screening as its primary method of investment selection, it also offers reassurance from a number of areas of avoidance.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP):  £416.11m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:    £11,793.22m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   £1,416.04m as of 31 May 2017    (Please note that this figure only includes our sustainable range, however, RLAM’s Responsible Investment Policy will detail how this is an over-arching approach across most of the firm’s assets).
  • Total assets under management:   £104,507.32m as of 31 May 2017.

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Limits exposure to carbon intensive industries Find environmental, sustainable investment, ethical fund and other options that aim to significantly reduce or limit exposure to carbon intensive industries (ie sectors which are major contributors to climate change). Funds vary - strategies may involve excluding sectors such as coal, oil & gas, mining or airlines - or may indicate a 'best in sector' approach is taken. See fund literature for details.
  • Measures positive impacts Find funds that measure the positive effect of their investment decision making on society and/or the environment. (This may involve eg carbon saved or jobs supported.) Managers aim to quantify the benefits they deliver (relative to other strategies or other benchmarks) to ensure they are delivering positive benefiting. This is a new and evolving area. See fund literature for information
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Balances company 'pros and cons'/best in sector Find ethical funds and other options that consider both the 'positive' things companies do and the 'negative' things they do in order to make balanced, often complex decisions about where they might invest. Such funds often invest in the best/most ethical companies across most industries ('best in sector'), rather than excluding entire sectors. The fund manager may combine this with 'responsible engagement' activity to encourage better business practices. See fund literature for specific policy explanations.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Although the Trust adopts positive screening as its primary method of investment selection, it also offers reassurance from a number of areas of avoidance. In particular the portfolio avoids investment in any company that is or is likely to be exposed to:

 

  • Human rights abuses
  • Tobacco and armaments manufacture
  • Products which involve experiments on animals, except for those conducted for the benefit of human or animal health
  • The generation of nuclear power

 

The Trust also avoids investments in companies which derive a material proportion (Over 10%) of their business from:

 

  • Animal fur products
  • Pornography
  • Irresponsible gambling
  • Irresponsible drinking
  • Worker exploitation or exploitative consumer practices.

 

If a company breaches this threshold, then it is likely that that company’s involvement in that excluded sector is a noteworthy part of their business and strategy.

 

Also, this threshold is deemed to be realistic and appropriate in terms of assessing a company, given that it may not be possible to always pinpoint the exact turnover derived from an excluded activity. This threshold ensures that a minimum of 90% of each holding meets the ethical criteria.

 

Finally, the Trust avoids investments in companies that have unacceptable corporate governance and mismanage social, ethical and environmental risk.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

The core of our process is the team of five ESG investment specialists. Although each team member is capable of working across the spectrum of financial and ESG analysis required to enact our investment process, there are specialisms. We have two fund managers, one corporate governance specialist and two analysts capable of researching companies on a global basis across the spectrum of financial and ESG issues. The team has a high level of experience and have honed and improved the process over the 14 years since it was implemented. We have a very disciplined approach to investing, based around clear principles and a framework to ensure that that individually and as a team we make consistently high quality investment decisions on behalf of our clients.

 

An external advisory committee supplements this internal expertise. Not only do they provide external, independent oversight as to the adherence to the principles and ethos of the investment process, they are also invaluable in adding to the knowledge base, which exists internally. The advisory committee consists of members from the corporate, academic, investment and charities arenas.

 

We supplement this resource with the effective use of systems. Starting with a global universe of over 18,000 companies it is important we focus our work on those areas most likely to yield strong investment ideas. It particular we use MSCI to identity companies with strong ESG performance, and CSFB Holt to identify companies with inherent value creation and strong competitive advantage. Both these tools allow us to identify where and how best to use our internal resource. At this point we will conduct our own analysis as to the suitability of a potential investment.

 

It is worth emphasising that, whether primary inputs have been internally derived or otherwise, we will never delegate the final decision as to whether a security is selected in our portfolios, given our very different philosophical approach to valuation.

 

RLAM Voting Policy:  

Pru L&G Ethical Global Equity Index Pn Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 10/07/2011 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "L&G Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Phoenix Wealth Jupiter Ecology P 1 Environmentally Themed Pension Global Equity 23/07/2006 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Jupiter Ecology" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.

SRI Features

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Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Standard Life L&G Ethical Global Equity Index Pn S2 Sustainability Themed Pension Global Equity 18/02/2011 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "L&G Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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SRI / Ethical Policy

FTSE4Good global equity index tracker

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

OMW Jupiter Ecology Pn Environmentally Themed Pension Global Equity 23/02/2007 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Jupiter Ecology" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Kames Ethical Cautious Managed A Acc Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Mixed Asset 01/03/2007 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

We launched our first ethical equity fund in 1989. Since then, we have broadened our ethical capabilities to include ethical corporate bond and cautious managed funds. Today we are distinctive among fund providers in offering such a broad suite of ethical products. Some of the characteristics of our ethical proposition are:

  • We are committed to ethical investing
  • Ethical companies make good investments.
  • ‘Dark green’ funds operate strict ethical principles.
  • Our ethical funds are rated by Morningstar OBSR.
  • A 2014 survey named Kames Capital as one of only three ethical investment providers to be used by over 70% of financial advisers which are members of the Ethical Investment Association. 

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP): £601.49 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management: £1,748.84 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total assets under management: £45,335 million as at 31/03/2017

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.

Corporate Activity

  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

All three of Kames Capital’s ethical funds apply the same ‘negative’ screen. This means that we screen companies out of the potential investment universe based on certain unacceptable activities. Because we apply stringent screening criteria, our funds are considered ‘dark green’. We do not screen out whole sectors, but some may largely be excluded because of the nature of their business activities.

Our screening criteria are clear and explicit. Certain ethical issues, however, are not black or white. Our 20 years’ experience of managing ethical investments means we can consider these issues appropriately when they arise.

We do not apply ‘positive screening’ criteria like some other funds. The funds may invest in themes that could be considered ‘socially responsible’, like alternative energy or social housing companies, but only if these companies pass our negative screens.

We aim for transparency in our screening process. This means it is easy for clients to understand the types of companies we exclude. Our underlying philosophy is to avoid companies that cause significant negative effects in society or the environment. 

We use both external screening databases and in-house research to ensure companies meet our ethical criteria and are suitable for investment. Our Corporate Governance team focuses on the screening and research, freeing our fund managers to focus solely on stock selection and portfolio construction.

Our ‘dark green’ screen is ideally suited to investors looking for a more stringent ethical philosophy. It adopts a negative approach that screens companies out of our funds’ potential investment universe if they engage in certain unacceptable activities. Examples of our screening process are shown below:

  • Animal Welfare
  • Military
  • Nuclear power
  • Environment
  • Political Donations
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gambling
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Pornography
  • Banks
  • Oppressive Regimes

Kames Capital aims to be a responsible investor. We ensure that we identify and understand the key environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in. We do this because evidence suggests that companies who rank among the leaders in governance and sustainability tend to outperform as investments over the long term.

Our approach to responsible investment is consistent with the UK Stewardship Code. The Code sets out good practice Principles on engagement with investee companies which UK-based institutional investors should aspire to. You can download our compliance statement from our website.

We are also a signatory to the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (UN PRI). The UN PRI is the principal international investor initiative to drive the integration of environmental, social and governance issues into investment decision making. The initiative places a formal requirement on signatories to be active, responsible shareholders and report annually on activities and progress in a transparent manner. 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Our corporate governance team is responsible for the analysis of relevant environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. They are responsible for identifying the key ESG risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in and in turn providing our fund managers with succinct, relevant data that could have investment consequences. Our corporate governance team is linked to equivalent individuals in other Aegon Asset Management country offices.

We use a range of data sources for ESG research purposes and these resources have increased significantly in the last few years as the quality of the data available has improved.  Resources currently include:

  • MSCI ESG Manager – company ESG research platform
  • EIRIS Portfolio Manager – company ESG research platform
  • ASSET4 assetmasterProfessional –  company ESG research platform
  • RiskMetrics ProxyExchange – proxy voting research and processing
  • The Association of British Insurers (ABI) IVIS proxy voting research service 
  • BoardEx - corporate board and remuneration database
  • Specialist databases, such as UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI), Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and Extractives Industry Transparency Directive (EITI)
  • Specialist research from brokers and academics
  • Various specialist journal subscriptions

A strong relationship exists between our corporate governance team and our fund managers, which enables material non-financial information to be incorporated into our investment processes. ESG research reports produced by our corporate governance team sit alongside all the other existing investment research undertaken by our fund managers on a given security. The corporate governance team also provide relevant news-flow and commentary on ESG issues to our fund managers that they might not receive from other sources.  

Our fund managers consider ESG research alongside other relevant financial and non-financial factors in the investment decision-making process. The importance that the fund manager attaches to ESG issues is in proportion to their ability to influence security prices.

 

SLFC (Citibank) Green 1 Environmentally Themed Life Global Equity 29/06/1992
Kames Capital Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 01/03/2013 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Kames Capital engage on all equity, mixed and property assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

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SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Jupiter Ecology Environmentally Themed Life Global Equity 30/04/2007
Kames Ethical Corporate Bond A Acc Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Fixed Interest 27/04/2000 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

We launched our first ethical equity fund in 1989. Since then, we have broadened our ethical capabilities to include ethical corporate bond and cautious managed funds. Today we are distinctive among fund providers in offering such a broad suite of ethical products. Some of the characteristics of our ethical proposition are:

  • We are committed to ethical investing
  • Ethical companies make good investments.
  • ‘Dark green’ funds operate strict ethical principles.
  • Our ethical funds are rated by Morningstar OBSR.
  • A 2014 survey named Kames Capital as one of only three ethical investment providers to be used by over 70% of financial advisers which are members of the Ethical Investment Association. 

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP): £493.47 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management: £1,748.84 million as at 31/05/2017
  • Total assets under management: £45,335 million as at 31/03/2017

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.

Corporate Activity

  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

All three of Kames Capital’s ethical funds apply the same ‘negative’ screen. This means that we screen companies out of the potential investment universe based on certain unacceptable activities. Because we apply stringent screening criteria, our funds are considered ‘dark green’. We do not screen out whole sectors, but some may largely be excluded because of the nature of their business activities.

Our screening criteria are clear and explicit. Certain ethical issues, however, are not black or white. Our 20 years’ experience of managing ethical investments means we can consider these issues appropriately when they arise.

We do not apply ‘positive screening’ criteria like some other funds. The funds may invest in themes that could be considered ‘socially responsible’, like alternative energy or social housing companies, but only if these companies pass our negative screens.

We aim for transparency in our screening process. This means it is easy for clients to understand the types of companies we exclude. Our underlying philosophy is to avoid companies that cause significant negative effects in society or the environment. 

We use both external screening databases and in-house research to ensure companies meet our ethical criteria and are suitable for investment. Our Corporate Governance team focuses on the screening and research, freeing our fund managers to focus solely on stock selection and portfolio construction.

Our ‘dark green’ screen is ideally suited to investors looking for a more stringent ethical philosophy. It adopts a negative approach that screens companies out of our funds’ potential investment universe if they engage in certain unacceptable activities. Examples of our screening process are shown below:

  • Animal Welfare
  • Military
  • Nuclear power
  • Environment
  • Political Donations
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gambling
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Pornography
  • Banks
  • Oppressive Regimes

Kames Capital aims to be a responsible investor. We ensure that we identify and understand the key environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in. We do this because evidence suggests that companies who rank among the leaders in governance and sustainability tend to outperform as investments over the long term.

Our approach to responsible investment is consistent with the UK Stewardship Code. The Code sets out good practice Principles on engagement with investee companies which UK-based institutional investors should aspire to. You can download our compliance statement from our website.

We are also a signatory to the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (UN PRI). The UN PRI is the principal international investor initiative to drive the integration of environmental, social and governance issues into investment decision making. The initiative places a formal requirement on signatories to be active, responsible shareholders and report annually on activities and progress in a transparent manner.

 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Our corporate governance team is responsible for the analysis of relevant environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. They are responsible for identifying the key ESG risks for each of the companies, industries and sectors that we invest in and in turn providing our fund managers with succinct, relevant data that could have investment consequences. Our corporate governance team is linked to equivalent individuals in other Aegon Asset Management country offices.

We use a range of data sources for ESG research purposes and these resources have increased significantly in the last few years as the quality of the data available has improved.  Resources currently include:

  • MSCI ESG Manager – company ESG research platform
  • EIRIS Portfolio Manager – company ESG research platform
  • ASSET4 assetmasterProfessional –  company ESG research platform
  • RiskMetrics ProxyExchange – proxy voting research and processing
  • The Association of British Insurers (ABI) IVIS proxy voting research service 
  • BoardEx - corporate board and remuneration database
  • Specialist databases, such as UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI), Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and Extractives Industry Transparency Directive (EITI)
  • Specialist research from brokers and academics
  • Various specialist journal subscriptions

A strong relationship exists between our corporate governance team and our fund managers, which enables material non-financial information to be incorporated into our investment processes. ESG research reports produced by our corporate governance team sit alongside all the other existing investment research undertaken by our fund managers on a given security. The corporate governance team also provide relevant news-flow and commentary on ESG issues to our fund managers that they might not receive from other sources.  

Our fund managers consider ESG research alongside other relevant financial and non-financial factors in the investment decision-making process. The importance that the fund manager attaches to ESG issues is in proportion to their ability to influence security prices.

 

Trojan Ethical Income I Acc Unclassified OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity Income 06/01/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The investment objective of the Trojan Ethical Income Fund is to provide income with the potential for capital growth in the medium term. The Trojan Ethical Income Fund is a UK equity income fund, managed with the same investment philosophy and approach as the Trojan Income Fund, however the Fund will invest in accordance with the parameters of its ethical investment criteria, which consider ethical issues in relation to fossil fuels, pornography, tobacco and certain types of armaments. We have also proposed extending the ethical criteria, which would restrict investments related to alcohol, high interest rate lending and gambling. The Fund delivered a yield of 3.3% in its first year.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

  • Fund Size (GBP): £57 m
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management: £57 m
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy: £9,472m
  • Total assets under management: £9,472m

(All data as at 31st March 2017, unless stated otherwise)

 

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Coal, oil &/or gas majors excluded Find sustainable investment and ethical fund options that avoid significant involvement in coal, oil and/or gas producing companies. Funds vary. See individual fund literature to confirm details.
  • Fracking and tar sands excluded Find fund options that avoid companies involved in fracking and tar sands - which are widely regarded as more controversial methods of oil and gas extraction.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.

SRI Features

  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.
  • *Limited/few ethical exclusions Funds with this label tend to avoid fewer companies than other ethical funds or other options with avoidance criteria. Strategies vary. The fund may only avoid companies in one or two areas (eg only exclude tobacco or armaments companies) or they may exclude only the very worst companies when measured against internationally accepted standards (across potentially a range of areas). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.
  • Boutique/specialist fund manager Find options offered by smaller, more specialist fund management companies with a significant (or entire) emphasis on sustainable, responsible, ethical, ESG or responsible ownership related investment strategies. Note - strategies vary significantly. Check fund manager supplied links for further information.

SRI / Ethical Policy

The present ethical investment criteria mean that the Sub-fund will not invest in any organisation which:

Armaments - (a) generates more than 10% of its total turnover from strategic military supplies relating to conventional weapons and/or (b) produces key parts of, or provides services for, cluster munitions systems, and/or (c) is alleged to have contravened the convention on anti-personnel mines in the last ten years and which has not addressed the allegations, and/or (d) manufactures products, or provides services, which are all or part of a nuclear weapons system.

Tobacco - makes more than 10% of its total turnover from tobacco products.

Pornography - derives more than 3% of its total turnover from pornography or adult entertainment.

Fossil Fuels - (a) derives more than 33% of its total turnover from the refining or extraction of, or generation of power from, fossil fuels and/or (b) derives more than 10% of its turnover from coal mining activities. Companies whose listing falls within the Oil & Gas sector are also excluded.

The following further exclusions are currently pending approval from the FCA:

Alcohol - derives more than 10% of its total turnover from the sale or production of alcohol.

Gambling - derives more than 10% of its total turnover from gambling (including spread betting).

High Interest Rate Lending - derives more than 25% of its total turnover from high interest rate lending (high interest being defined as lending at an annual percentage rate (APR) of over 100%).

 

 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Hugo Ure manages the Trojan Ethical Income Fund.

Hugo graduated from Oxford University in 1999 and joined Kleinwort Benson in 2004 where he focused on equity analysis until his move to Troy in January 2009.  As well as being the primary manager of the Trojan Ethical Income Fund, Hugo has primary responsibility for a £76m segregated account for a charity.  He is co-manager of Troy Income & Growth Trust plc and assistant manager of the Trojan Income Fund. Hugo is a CFA charterholder.

We try to keep the investment process as simple and intuitive as possible. We only invest in those companies that we feel we thoroughly understand and that we believe have enduring qualities that will allow an investment to compound in value over the long term. We aim to own and not trade investments, so we have to be confident in the ability of a business to deliver growing cash flows into the future.

Troy has a rigorous focus on quality. We invest in businesses with high returns on invested capital which we consider to be sustained by durable competitive advantages. We favour stable and growing companies with a strongly differentiated product or service that new or existing rivals struggle to copy. These are companies with low risk to their earnings that permit sustained high levels of profitability. We also pay particular attention to how management allocates capital and typically avoid highly acquisitive and indebted companies.

Having identified companies that meet our quality criteria, we consider making an investment only when, in our view, three further conditions are met: first, their balance sheets are soundly financed so that management can allocate capital flexibly; second, they are managed by people that act in the best interests of shareholders; and lastly, when their shares are quoted at a price that underestimates future cash flows. We believe this combination of owning high quality companies, purchased at reasonable prices gives us the defensive characteristics we seek.

The first part of the research process is populating and maintaining Troy’s investment universe of approximately 200 stocks that meet our quality criteria. All members of the investment team, including the fund managers, have responsibility for idea generation and research. We do not allocate stock, sector or geographic responsibilities to particular analysts as we consider it to be important that all members of the team are able to compare the merits of a wide spectrum of investments. This ensures pooled responsibility for our investments and healthy internal discussion.

The Trojan Ethical Income Fund’s investment universe excludes approximately 10% of companies from Troy’s overall investment universe of 200 stocks on the basis of its ethical investment criteria.

Troy’s fundamental investment process is supported by VigeoEiris, a leading provider of ESG research, who underpin the ethical screening process and provide additional input on environmental, social and governance issues.

The Investment Manager employs Ethical Investment Research Services (EIRIS) Limited (“EIRIS”) to provide an ethical screening service and research in respect of the Sub-fund.  The Investment Manager shall, for a fee agreed between the Investment Manager and EIRIS, which the Investment Manager shall bear, obtain data and research from EIRIS involving monitoring the behaviour and activities of businesses according to the Sub-fund’s ethical investment criteria. The Investment Manager will use the data and research provided by EIRIS as an element of the investment process.

Where an investment is identified as no longer meeting the Sub-fund’s ethical investment criteria, the Investment Manager will seek to sell the investment within the following 90 days. The prices at which such an investment can be sold in these circumstances may be lower than the prices that might otherwise have been realised for the investment if such a sale was not required.

Investors should note that this document sets out the Sub-fund’s ethical investment criteria as they currently stand.  However, the Investment Manager hopes that investors and prospective investors will understand that the process of investing on a socially responsible basis is constantly evolving.  Therefore, the Investment Manager’s approach, and that of EIRIS, may change which, in turn, may mean that the Sub-fund’s ethical investment criteria may be amended from time to time.

 

 

Henderson ESG Integration Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 29/01/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Henderson’s portfolio managers, sector analysts, ESG and corporate governance personnel maintain regular dialogue with companies. This dialogue allows the firm to monitor the development of companies’ businesses, including areas such as overall strategy, business planning and delivery of objectives, capital structure, proposed acquisitions or disposals, corporate responsibility and corporate governance. Henderson subscribes to research covering corporate governance and corporate responsibility issues, to supplement in-house analysis. 

Analysis is shared on internal IT systems and frequent discussion takes place between governance, ESG and sector analysts and fund managers. Electronic records of all engagement, voting and other corporate governance and corporate responsibility activities, including the rationale for voting decisions, are kept.  

Overall responsibility for monitoring company performance rests with portfolio managers. Analysts specialising in corporate governance and corporate responsibility issues work alongside portfolio managers to identify relevant issues, which are fed into our investment process, and may also form the basis for company engagement. 

Fund managers are ultimately responsible for the integration of ESG issues into investment decision making and engagement as part of their investment processes. To help facilitate this we subscribe to a wide range of specialist external ESG research to complement in-house research and engagement. This research is made directly available to all investment teams, as well as being used by the in-house Governance and Responsible Investment (GRI) team to screen for ESG issues of concern.

The GRI team is a specialist resource that supports fund managers on corporate governance issues (including voting) as well as wider environmental and social issues. They make use of a wide range of external specialist ESG research, including MSCI, EIRIS, Trucost, IVIS, RepRisk, ISS and broker research. The team work on behalf of fund managers and our clients by ensuring that ESG issues are raised prior to key company meetings and investment risk meetings. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

ESG issues are integrated into our risk reporting and fund review processes. Fund managers receive ESG investment risk reports detailing portfolio exposure to companies rated highest risk for ESG issues, as well as overall portfolio performance and any changes to company ratings. These ESG risk reports are discussed at regular fund risk review meetings. 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Fund managers are ultimately responsible for the integration of ESG issues into investment decision making and engagement as part of their investment processes. They are assisted in this by the GRI team (please see above). 

Sources of ESG related data that are used to build the ESG investment risk reports include: EIRIS, MSCI, ISS, RepRisk, IVIS, CDP, TruCost, HOLT

Henderson is actively involved / member of the following initiatives: Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), National Association of Pension Funds (NAPF), UN Principles of Responsible Investment (PRI), UK Sustainable Investment Forum (UKSIF), European Sustainable Investment Forum (EUROSIF), UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA), The Investor Forum, Access to Medicines Initiative.

Newton SRI for Charities Unclassified OEIC/Unit Trust Global Mixed Asset 16/05/2010
EdenTree Responsible Ownership Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 29/01/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

We are active members of the UK Sustainable Investment and Finance Association (UKSIF) and have developed key partnerships with other bodies in this field. These include the UK Stewardship Code, UNPRI and IIGCC. Through those different organisations we collaboratively engage with companies in all sectors on a large variety of ESG issues.

EdenTree Investment Management (EIM) supports the principle of considered voting and will consequently endeavour to register and vote its proxies at all meetings in which it has a shareholding.

Our responsible ownership strategies apply to equity and fixed interest assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.

SRI Features

-

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Through our membership of UNPRI, IIGCC and additional partnerships we collaboratively engage with companies on various issues. Those include climate change, sustainable agricultural practices, labour conditions in the supply chain and more specialised issues including fracking, Arctic drilling and modern slavery. We also lead engagement initiatives on our own when we believe this adds value, those include controversial weapons, sustainable sourcing practices or stem cell research. Our engagement initiatives also complement our voting policies such as recent work on gender diversity at Board level.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

We have a SRI team of three people responsible for the execution of our SRI policy; they focus on research, engagement and proxy voting. 

All UK proxy voting decisions (includes Guernsey, Jersey and Isle of Man) are taken and executed in-house, signed off by a Fund Manager. We take IVIS (Institutional Voting Information Service) provided by the Investment Association to inform thinking. We have appointed Glass Lewis & Co. to be our sole discretionary research and proxy execution provider in all jurisdictions other than the United Kingdom (including Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), delegating to it the responsibility for the instruction and execution of international proxy voting at all general and special international company meetings.

The team shares responsibility for company engagement, whether it is in house or in partnership with SRI organisations or other investors.

We are members of PRI, UKSIF, IIGCC and regularly support industry wide responsible stewardship initiatives.

Zurich Sterling Kames Ethical Cautious Managed Pn ZP Negative Ethical Pension UK Mixed Asset 28/11/2016
Standard Life F&C Responsible UK Income S5 Ethically Balanced Life UK Equity Income 09/02/2006
Aviva Kames Ethical Equity EP Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 04/11/2009 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Kames Ethical Equity" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

L&G F&C Responsible UK Equity Growth Pn G25 Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity 17/04/2006 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "BMO (F&C) Responsible UK Equity Growth" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

-

Corporate Activity

-

Links

-

SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Barclays Charity R Inc Unclassified OEIC/Unit Trust Global Unclassified 08/09/2013
Aviva Liontrust UK Ethical Pn S2 Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 09/05/1999
Royal London Investment Grade Short Dated Credit Z Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust UK Fixed Interest 07/12/2015 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The Fund invests predominantly in investment grade sterling bonds, of which these will be primarily short dated, which meet predefined ethical criteria. The policy of the Fund considers all of the following ethical issues: armaments and tobacco.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

 

  • Fund Size (GBP):   £348.60m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   £11,793.22m as of 31 May 2017.
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   £1,416.04m as of 31 May 2017        (Please note that this figure only includes our sustainable range, however, RLAM’s Responsible Investment Policy will detail how this is an over-arching approach across most of the firm’s assets).
  • Total assets under management:    £104,507.32m as of 31 May 2017.

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

  • RSMR Rated Find funds that are rated by research agency 'Rayner Spencer Mills Research' (awarded 'RSMR SRI Rated' status). Read fund literature on contact RSMR for further information.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Our ethical investment process begins with screening for eligible investments, which is conducted by specialist independent consultancy EIRiS (Ethical Investment Research Services). With over 25 years’ experience, EIRiS is a leading provider of research into the environmental, social and governance (ESG) and ethical performance of companies. RLAM’s ethical framework combines the avoidance of companies involved in excluded activities with the identification of best of breed companies in permitted sectors.

 

Companies that generate over 10% of their turnover from either one or a combination of the following categories are excluded:

 

Armaments:        manufacturing armaments or nuclear weapons, or associated strategic products

Tobacco:             growing, processing or selling tobacco products

 

If a company breaches this threshold, then it is likely that that company’s involvement in that excluded sector is a noteworthy part of their business and strategy.

 

Also, this threshold is deemed to be realistic and appropriate in terms of assessing a company, given that it may not be possible to always pinpoint the exact turnover derived from an excluded activity. This threshold ensures that a minimum of 90% of each holding meets the ethical criteria.

 

There is no static list of firms and organisations eligible for investment by the Fund.  The ethical criteria screening process is ongoing and implemented pre-trade as part of the rigorous RLAM in-house credit analysis process coupled with independent ethical screening of issuing companies (and other companies that we request adhoc) carried out by the EIRiS. As per all of RLAM’s unit funds, weekly the Fund managers will sign off on the portfolio construction certifying that it adheres to the investment and borrowing powers as set out in the prospectus, and the Royal London Unit Trust Managers (RLUTM) Executive Committee will review the ethical criteria themselves on a quarterly basis.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

As previously outlined, our ethical investment process screening is conducted by specialist independent consultancy EIRiS (Ethical Investment Research Services). With over 25 years’ experience, EIRiS is a leading provider of research into the environmental, social and governance (ESG) and ethical performance of companies.

 

When researching a bond we typically use the following sources of corporate information:

 

  • Audited and unaudited financial accounts
  • Ratings reports/analysis
  • Company meetings/presentations
  • Third party equity/credit research
  • Specific investor reports
  • Barclays Live – key tool for relative value assessment
  • ·Regulatory News Service – ‘Investigate’
  • The Credit team employs a range of models, both external and bespoke.

 

The Credit team also uses a number of external providers of information for ongoing surveillance. Principally these are:

 

  • Bloomberg, which is used for bond analytics and descriptive data, including bond documentation and access to equity research reports.
  • S&P, through their ‘Ratings Direct’ and ‘Capital IQ’ services. Ratings Direct provides up to date access to bond rating reports and research and other company and sector financial data across the rated bond universe and Capital IQ provides access to reported financial information of thousands of listed and unlisted companies. Usefully, we are able to embed the financial data provided by Capital IQ into bespoke financial models that provide inputs that are relevant to RLAM’s evaluation of credit. This represents very time effective and high quality provision of credit ratios to enhance the decision making process in higher profile areas of the corporate bond market.
  • Barclay’s Live database to help assess relative value across issuers and sectors and the production of issuer credit curves.

 

This external data is used to supplement RLAM’s research effort and, in particular, enables our Analysts to focus their primary analysis and financial modelling on lower profile corporate bonds that we consider to be less extensively researched by the wider market. Maintenance of research does not follow a prescriptive formula but will typically tend to follow the reporting timetable of our bond issuers (e.g. RMBS/covered bonds – monthly; CMBS – quarterly; corporates – semi-annual) supplemented by the team’s ongoing focus on market developments and the formal alerts outlined above. Whilst we believe a flexible and interactive approach is optimal and practical given our team size, RLAM has a large database of relevant and targeted credit information that can be accessed by all members of the team effectively.

 

RLAM is well served by the sell-side community, particularly in the secured space, as our counterparties know the level of embedded knowledge across the team, both in terms of stocks and underlying client requirements, and the likelihood of receiving a prompt evaluation of any proposal.

 

It is worth re-emphasising that, whether primary inputs have been internally derived or otherwise, we will never delegate the final decision as to whether a bond is selected in our portfolios, given our very different philosophical approach to valuation. In addition, as previously discussed, our team structure and overlap between the research and Fund manager functions ensures that the stock selection process outlined above is not undertaken by any individuals operating in isolation from the rest of the team. By contrast, this process benefits from continuous and ongoing interaction between the whole team, allowing all members of the team, with different and complementary skills and experience, to contribute to investment decisions.

 

 

RLAM Voting Policy:   

 

 

Standard Life TM Fulcrum Diversified Absolute Return Pn S9 Unclassified Pension Global Mixed Asset 24/03/2014
Threadneedle Ethical UK Equity Sustainability Themed OEIC/Unit Trust UK Equity 30/10/2015 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Launched in October 2015, our Threadneedle Ethical UK Equity Fund takes a novel approach in combining ESG performance, an outcomes focus and negative screening. The Fund actively targets UK companies that exhibit the best ESG performance and/or produce innovative products positioned to contribute to a better future, and avoids companies that we deem to be involved in unethical or controversial activities. In November, it was awarded Best New Entrant, at Investment Week’s Sustainable Investment Awards 2016.

 

The differentiated aspect of the Fund is its three-pronged approach, combining ESG performance, an outcomes focus and negative screening.

 

I.             First, we exclude companies that are unable to satisfy our ethical restrictions, using the MSCI UK IMI Extended SRI index to aid exclusion of sectors e.g. alcohol, weapons, gambling.

 

II.            We consider ESG performance, using both internal and external research, as we believe that those companies with excellent corporate governance can enhance their potential into the future. We also seek to engage with the companies to ensure continual improvement.

 

III.           We seek companies that deliver innovative solutions to achieving sustainable outcomes. To achieve this, we look at the UN sustainable development goals and key themes, including climate change, healthcare, safety, security and verification.

 

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

 

As at 31 March 2017

 

  • Fund Size (GBP):   £24.0m
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   £288.8m
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   £9,223m*
  • Total assets under management:   £108,367m**

 

*range of styles, including: best in class, UN Global Compact, ESG screen, thematic, impact etc.

** Columbia Threadneedle Investments, EMEA & Asia only

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Invests in clean energy/renewables Find ethical, sustainable investment and other environmentally aware fund options that aim to invest in companies in the clean technology and renewable energy sectors. Fund strategies vary. Some funds may have limited exposure to this area, others may have significant exposure. Check fund literature for details.
  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.
  • Gambling avoidance policy Find ethical fund options (and other options) that avoid companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry. See fund policy for details.
  • Pornography avoidance policy Find ethical fund option - and in some cases other options - that avoid companies that derive significant income from pornography. See fund details for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.

SRI Features

  • Balances company 'pros and cons'/best in sector Find ethical funds and other options that consider both the 'positive' things companies do and the 'negative' things they do in order to make balanced, often complex decisions about where they might invest. Such funds often invest in the best/most ethical companies across most industries ('best in sector'), rather than excluding entire sectors. The fund manager may combine this with 'responsible engagement' activity to encourage better business practices. See fund literature for specific policy explanations.
  • Favours companies with strong social policies Find funds that invest in line with positive strategies that relate to 'people' issues - such as having strong human rights, labour standards and equal opportunities practices. Such funds are likely to invest in companies that have market leading standards with regard to employee and supplier practices. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Sustainability themed Find funds where there is a significant emphasis on sustainability issues either as its primary strategy or as a core strategy that compliments other criteria. (This may apply to a number of different SRI Styles). Such funds will consider environmental and social issues when making stock selection decisions. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Norms focus Find funds that use internationally agreed standards, conventions and 'norms' to help direct where the fund can and cannot invest (e.g. the UN Global Compact, UN Sustainable Development Goals). Read fund literature for further information.
  • Positive selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to invest in companies that are considered to be positive/good or useful to people and/or the environment. The fund may also have negative avoidance criteria - see fund details to read more about fund strategies.
  • Negative selection bias Find funds where their main 'ethical approach' is to avoid companies by using negative screening criteria. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Over 50% large cap Find funds that invests more than half of their money into what are commonly regarded as 'large companies'. This will typically mean that the market capitalisation (or value) of the companies they hold is in excess of £5 to £10 billion.
  • Favours cleaner, greener companies Find funds that aim to nvest in companies with strong environmental policies and practices. This may mean it invests in smaller companies offering market leading environmental services or products and/or larger companies that are working towards the improved management of their negative impacts. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Strictly screened ethical fund Find funds that have a high level of negative ethical avoidance. These funds are likely to exclude more companies than other ethical (and SRI) fund options. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Aims to generate positive impacts Find funds that aim to help deliver positive social or environmental impacts or outcomes through their investment decisions - which typically involves holding companies that are viewed as being necessary or beneficial. Strategies and approaches vary. A small number of funds have recently started to measure outcomes (see 'Measures Impacts' in the Policy filter). This is a new area - so most funds do not do this yet. See fund literature for further information.
  • Available via an ISA Find funds that are available via a tax efficient ISA product wrapper
  • Clean energy themed Find funds that in clean technology / clean energy companies. See fund information for further details.

Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

The Fund targets UK companies that exhibit the best, or improving, ESG performance in the way they operate that fit within our tried and tested UK Equity process. However, investing responsibly is also about opportunity; the opportunity to combine financial objectives with a positive focus on investing with purpose.

 

This positive focus is about more than just internal standards; the Fund also actively seeks to target companies that deliver products or services that are positioned to contribute to a better future. In our view, this ESG-integrated and outcome-focused approach sets this Fund apart from the more traditional ethical fund approach, offering a ‘best in class’ solution for those looking to invest responsibly and with purpose.

 

The Fund invests at least three-quarters of its assets in shares of companies in the United Kingdom (or companies that have significant operations there) that meet its ethical investment criteria. Investments are assessed by the fund manager by reference to ethical investment guidelines additional to those usually considered by the fund manager when making investment decisions.

 

There are two ways in which UK companies are evaluated to create the ethical investment universe to which the Fund Manager will apply his investment process: ethical exclusion screening and positive inclusion and selection.

 

1.      Ethical exclusion screening

 

For the Fund to invest in a company, it must satisfy the Fund’s ethical restrictions. Stocks are excluded from the Fund’s investable universe if they do not exhibit appropriate Environmental, Social or Governance (ESG) behaviour, for example if a certain amount of the company’s business activities are involved in industries such as alcohol, gambling, tobacco. These ethical restrictions are derived from the methodology of the MSCI Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) Index, the Fund’s Reference Index, but may vary slightly in some instances.

 

2. Positive inclusion & selection

 

As well screening out companies that do not perform well against ESG criteria, the Fund actively seeks to include UK companies that exhibit strong ESG performance in the way they operate. Companies that pass the ethical exclusion screening are further assessed and selected on the extent of their ESG performance relative to other companies within their sector, drawing on the team’s strong capabilities and experience with ESG analysis. The Fund also selects companies that deliver or are developing products, services and practices that are positioned to contribute to a better future, i.e. that fit in with key sustainability themes.

 

These comprise: health and wellbeing, climate and energy transition, demographics, communities, education, environment, safety and security.

 

Companies which embrace the efficient use of resources and invest in both people and technology to generate sustainable returns over time create the context in which investors can do well by doing good.

 

Embracing this creates a productive investment focus in which we apply our research process to find suitable investments with the appropriate investment characteristics. As bottom-up stock pickers, the fund management team look for companies with robust business and financial models that trade on attractive valuations and have solid management teams that look to the future. We seek to invest in and support companies over a long-term horizon, which ties in with our UK equity team investment philosophy, while also supporting an ethical approach to investing.

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Resources

 

We have a dedicated Responsible Investment (RI) team devoted to researching and engaging on ESG issues and have invested significant resources in the development of our expertise in this area. This includes not only internal research but the use of supplementary external research and ratings as required. Our RI team has worked alongside our investment professionals since 1998. 

 

The RI team is composed of six members in the UK with responsibility for ESG research, integration, engagement, proxy voting and ESG reporting and, in one case RI portfolio management, which is a new position last year. A Director, Global Responsible Investment (US) is located in the US, as is a proxy voting team. Responsibility for the governance and responsible investment capabilities lies with Iain Richards, the Head of Governance and Responsible Investment at Columbia Threadneedle Investments.

 

Sources of Information to the RI team include:

 

  • Company data and dialogue including traditional and sustainability reporting
  • Brokers focused on ESG research
  • External ESG rating provider: MSCI ESG research
  • Corporate governance database: BoardEx
  • Proxy voting related governance research: ISS and IVIS
  • Bloomberg
  • NGOs
  • Academia
  • News
  • National and International government bodies

 

The RI team undertake the research which drives the fund, in particular where stocks are not covered by MSCI ESG research, or where there is more work to be done in identifying the salience of sustainable opportunities. Examples include smaller companies providing cyber security opportunities, or innovating in renewable energy production. The team produce bespoke ESG review, incorporating exposure to sustainability themes, where these are identified. The RI team also typically conduct or assist engagement to gain further insight and drive improvement on ESG and sustainability issues. Finally, the team make voting recommendations regarding the companies in the Fund, which can be informed by ESG issues – diversity for instance is now systemically considered as a standing voting consideration with potential to trigger action across all companies and funds. 

 

In addition, the financial analysis is undertaken by our UK equities team, using their established investment process to identified companies with robust business and financial models that trade on attractive valuations and have solid leadership.

 

Fund manager

 

The fund is managed by Matt Evans, who co-managers the Threadneedle UK Smaller Companies Fund, the Threadneedle UK Mid 250 Fund and a range of small cap institutional portfolios. Supported by the RI team, and the UK team, and mindful of the exclusionary criteria, the manager makes the final investment decision.

 

General corporate affiliations

 

Given the number of potential initiatives, we seek to prioritise, focusing on those which best align with our priorities and add greatest value to our processes. Some of the key associations and organisations are outlined below.

 

We were a founding member of the UN PRI and remain actively involved in the organisation, whose influence has increased since its foundation in 2006: in our last assessment from the PRI we received an A+ (the highest rating) for our overall approach to responsible investment.

 

Other key memberships are those of: the United Kingdom Sustainable Investments and Finance Association (UKSIF), the European Social Investment Forum (EUROSIF), and the Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA).  These memberships reflect our commitment to RI across a range of markets, reflecting the geographic diversity of our investments, as well our significant holdings in UK-listed companies. 

 

We have a longstanding relationship with UKSIF in particular.  We are represented on the UKSIF Leadership committee, and this year we participated at UKSIF events, including an event on the strategy of the SIF, at which we contributed ideas for increased member engagement and participation. We also contributed to their 2016 survey, enhancing their research into the nature of the responsible investment market.

 

Our Chief Investment Officer is also on the board of the Investor Forum, which seeks to contribute to long-term investment performance by promoting cultural change and enhancing shareholder stewardship in the UK. Similarly, we are also an active member of the UK Corporate Governance Forum, an investor network made up of asset managers and owners to discuss individual companies, industry and ESG developments, and are signatories to the UK Stewardship Code

 

We are also signatories to the CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project), including their recent forestry and water programmes.

Aviva Liontrust UK Ethical NU Pn Negative Ethical Pension UK Equity 09/05/1999 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "Liontrust UK Ethical" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

OMW F&C Responsible UK Equity Income Ethically Balanced Life UK Equity Income 28/09/2005
Pru Royal London Sustainable Leaders Pn Ser A Sustainability Themed Pension UK Equity 25/01/2010 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

This pension product is linked to the "CIS Sustainable Leaders Trust" fund. More detailed information on its SRI / Ethical approach can be found under that fund in the "OEIC" Product listing. 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Rathbone Core Investment Fund for Charities Negative Ethical OEIC/Unit Trust Global Mixed Asset 02/10/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The fund will not invest directly in companies manufacturing tobacco or tobacco products, or companies that derive more than 10% of their revenues from the manufacture of alcoholic beverages, armaments, gambling, high interest rate lending or pornography

Fund Manager: Andy Pitt
(Source: Rathbones Monthly factsheet Feb 2017.)

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Human rights Find funds that consider human rights practices when approving companies for investment. Such funds will require decent standards of human rights to be demonstrated - which typically means adherence to international norms as a minimum standard.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.

SRI Features

  • *Limited/few ethical exclusions Funds with this label tend to avoid fewer companies than other ethical funds or other options with avoidance criteria. Strategies vary. The fund may only avoid companies in one or two areas (eg only exclude tobacco or armaments companies) or they may exclude only the very worst companies when measured against internationally accepted standards (across potentially a range of areas). Read fund literature for further information.

Corporate Activity

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Links

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SRI / Ethical Policy

has a policy that states the fund considers 'ethical' issues (e.g. armaments, alcohol, animal welfare, environmental or high-carbon impact, tobacco, gambling, human rights, nuclear power, pornography and/or predatory lending). These vary significantly. Check fund literature for details. 

 

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Aviva Royal London Sustainable Leaders S4 Sustainability Themed Life UK Equity 05/04/2006
Standard Life Investments ESG Integration Corporate Activity Not Set Unclassified 29/01/2016 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

Our ESG analysis is used across Standard Life Investments, informing a range of activities, including how we construct our investment portfolios. The Responsible Investment and Governance & Stewardship Teams’ research is regularly circulated and available to all investment professionals at Standard Life Investments through our internal platforms, including detailed meeting notes, health warnings and thematic research notes. ESG analysis is further incorporated into investment decisions through ongoing communication with Portfolio Managers, e.g. regular attendance at investment meetings, and targeted conversations with sector analysts before and after company engagements, as well as conducting ESG engagement activities alongside mainstream investment analysts. We also have proprietary, in-house tools for rating countries and companies on ESG factors, which are developed and managed by our investment teams and Responsible Investment Team respectively and are integrated into our internal research systems.

In addition, for real estate investment in particular, we have a dedicated Sustainability Manager within our real estate investment team, as well as a Real Estate Sustainability Focus Group, which includes one of our Responsible Investment Analysts. We produce an annual Sustainable Real Estate Investment Report that discloses the global impact of our real estate investment assets and outlines our policy, goals and progress. 

Addressing ESG issues within our investment analysis provides opportunities to both reduce risk and to develop value creation. As of 30 September 2015, Standard Life Investments had £250.6 billion of assets under management. Our approach applies across the firm to varying extents as appropriate, based on the particular asset class. Within equity, fixed income and real estate, we had £141.1 billion assets under management. http://www.standardlifeinvestments.com/our_investment_capabilities/property/index.html

Our ESG integration principles are used on equity and fixed interest assets in all geographic regions.

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Alcohol production excluded This filter helps you to find ethical funds - and other options - that avoid investment in alcohol production. See fund literature for further information.

SRI Features

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Corporate Activity

  • ESG/SRI engagement Find funds and fund management companies that actively encourages higher 'environmental, social and governance' and/or 'sustainable and responsible investment' practices amongst investee companies - when positive change is aligned with the best interest of investors. This may apply to a single fund or a group of funds. Read fund literature for further information.
  • Responsible Ownership policy for non SRI funds Find funds run by fund managers that apply Responsible Ownership or 'Stewardship' policies to all or most of their investment assets. This means that active involvement (e.g. voting, dialogue) with the companies they invest in across funds (not normally limited to ethical or SRI options.) Read fund literature for further information.
  • Integrates ESG factors into all/most fund research Find fund management companies that research environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues when deciding whether or not to invest in a company. This typically applies to all funds, not only those which are promoted as being 'ethical' or 'SRI themed'. This is increasingly often used as a risk management tool.
  • Vote all shares at AGMs/EGMs This fund manager always votes the shares they own at annual general meetings (and extraordinary general meetings). This is a key indicator of 'responsible share ownership' and companies taking an interest in the future of the companies they part own.
  • In house responsible ownership/voting expertise Find fund / fund management companies where there is in-house expertise that enables the fund manager to make their own decisions on issues such as shareholder voting, setting of in-house guidelines - for example - particularly with regard to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues.
  • Responsible Ownership/ESG a key differentiator The fund managers have said they consider this area to be a key differentiator for their business
  • UK Stewardship Code signatory Find fund managers that are signatories to the FRC UK Stewardship Code, which sets out a framework for constructive investor / investee relations where fund managers are encouraged to behave as responsible 'company owners'.
  • Publish Responsible Ownership/Stewardship report Find fund management companies that publish information on their approach to responsible investment ownership - also known as 'Stewardship' - following the introduction of 'the Stewardship Code'. This sets out their approach to voting, dialogue with company management and any related activity. This is publicly available.
  • Publish full voting record Find fund management companies that publishes a full record of how they vote at AGMs and EGMs. This information is publicly available.
  • Review(ing) carbon/fossil fuel exposure for all funds Find funds / fund managers that are reviewing or have reviewed their exposure to carbon intensive industries including (but not only) mining, oil and gas companies. This work is being carried out in the context of climate change related concerns, and may often reference international agreements.
  • Regularly lead collaborative ESG initiatives Find funds managed by fund management companies that regularly initiate or help run industry wide (collaborative) investor projects aimed at raising environmental, social and governance standards amongst investee companies.
  • PRI signatory Find fund management companies that have signed up to the UN backed 'Principles of Responsible Investment' initiative.

SRI / Ethical Policy

Taking an integrated approach, our ESG analysis is used across Standard Life Investments, informing a range of activities, including how we construct investment portfolios. The Responsible Investment and Governance & Stewardship Teams’ research is available to all investment professionals at Standard Life Investments through our internal platforms, including companies' ratings, detailed meeting notes, health warnings and thematic research notes. In addition, Responsible Investment and Governance & Stewardship Analysts frequently contribute to internal meetings held by the various investment teams, such as daily team meetings or quarterly sector reviews, to highlight trends and any emerging risks, as well as their company-specific analysis. 

While the work of our Responsible Investment Team and Governance & Stewardship Teams is accessible by all of our investment teams, the particular areas of focus and implementation across the asset classes can vary based on potential impact and investment objectives, as described further below. The aim in all cases is a material enhancement across our range of portfolios.

Equity and Credit
Across our equity and credit strategies, our Portfolio Managers aim to understand the drivers of change within individual companies and identify the potential impacts of these changes ahead of the market. Understanding the companies in which we invest therefore is central to our overall investment approach and collaboration is a critical element of the process, amongst and between our investment teams and our ESG-focused teams. Standard Life Investments’ Responsible Investment and Governance & Stewardship Teams are closely aligned with our asset class teams. In addition to the availability and distribution of thematic research, sustainability ratings and meeting notes, our ESG and investment teams come together through:

  • Contributing to daily equity and credit team meetings, stock selection meetings and sector reviews to integrate ESG analysis into investment discussions
  • Presenting developments in regulation, thematic research and company news on ESG factors at investment meetings 
  • Communicating key ESG risks and opportunities with the sector analysts before and after engagement
  • Regularly attending company meetings with mainstream analysts, as well as conducting engagement activities together 


Addressing ESG issues within our investment analysis provides opportunities to both reduce risk and to develop value creation. Our style of active engagement is designed to avoid, as much as possible, surprises that have the potential to change the fundamental standing, strategy or dynamics of the companies in which we invest. 

Emerging Markets Debt
Our Emerging Markets Debt Team has developed an Environment, Social, Governance and Politics (ESGP) tool, which ranks a universe of 80 investable emerging countries in four broad regions (Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and South America) on these four dimensions. 17 relevant indicators from various public sources (World Bank, United Nations, think tanks and NGOs) are used to calculate an average rank across each of the four pillars. For instance, the chosen indicators emphasise the extent of corruption, the strength of the state, respect for obligations and fiscal transparency, which are key for investors in sovereign debt. We also use environmental and social factors, such as measures of inequality, health and education, which signal a country’s ability to achieve sustainable growth over time.  Our initial analysis shows a correlation between the ESGP rank and market spread, and we can extract useful signals where market pricing differs from what is implied by the ESGP rank, i.e. where spreads are high despite a good ESGP rank or vice-versa.

Real Estate 
Our approach to sustainable real estate investment not only looks for assets that will achieve the financial returns expected by investors, but also incorporates respect for society and the environment so that community and individual rights are protected, environmental impacts are reduced and resources are conserved. To support this approach, we have a dedicated Sustainability Manager within our real estate investment team, as well as a Real Estate Sustainability Focus Group, which includes one of our Responsible Investment Analysts. 

Our policy is to encourage best practice standards throughout all aspects of our real estate activities. We are therefore committed to environmental management in all phases of an asset’s cycle – from acquisition through demolition, redevelopment, asset management and disposal, our focus is on energy conservation, mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, maximising waste recycling and water conservation. To achieve these goals we employ best in class consultants and contractors, all of whom have our sustainable real estate investment principles imbedded in their contract conditions and included in their quarterly performance reviews.

At each stage in portfolio construction, the initial sustainability thresholds of the asset are assessed with in-depth due diligence surveys, enabling the physical, legal and financial risks that any particular asset’s sustainability characteristics pose to be fully assessed. Although sustainability risks can be managed or indeed may form part of an asset repositioning strategy (e.g. through redevelopment or refurbishment) we execute stock selection decisions with minimum criteria in mind. For example, from a contamination point of view, we would assess the risk together with external experts to ensure that any new properties acquired will not have a level of environmental risk beyond what would be acceptable to our investors.

Furthermore, we are aware of the legacy that our construction and management decisions leave for the communities in and around our properties. By engaging with communities throughout the life of the investment, we believe that we can strengthen local areas and provide support for those located in or near our properties. For example, we consider the transport infrastructure implications of any development and look closely at the availability of public transport for those working in our buildings, and we systematically manage and control health and safety risks to earn the confidence and trust of tenants, customers, employees, shareholders and society at large.

We can demonstrate measurable improvements in our portfolios as a direct result of implementing our policy, together with a number of environmental awards. Standard Life Investments is a participating member of the Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB), and our Sustainability Manager actively sits on the benchmark committee. We also produce an annual Sustainable Real Estate Investment Report that discloses the global impact of our real estate investment assets and outlines our policy, goals and progress. This report, which also includes our Sustainable Real Estate Investment Policy and supporting Environmental Management Systems, as well as with further information on our real estate capabilities, is available online at:
http://www.standardlifeinvestments.com/our_investment_capabilities/property/index.html

Resources, Affiliations & Corporate Strategies

Our dedicated Responsible Investment and Governance & Stewardship Teams are in-house and on-hand to provide advice and expertise should our investment analysts require additional knowledge to facilitate and deepen our understanding of any ESG issues causing concern. We also have proprietary, in-house tools for rating countries and companies on ESG factors, which are developed and managed by our investment teams and Responsible Investment Team respectively and are integrated into our internal research systems.

Fidelity F&C Responsible UK Equity Growth Pn 4 Ethically Balanced Pension UK Equity 30/07/2005
OMW EAB Old Mutual Ethical Negative Ethical Life Global Equity 13/01/2006
Scottish Widows ThreadneedleUK Social Bond Pn S1 Social Themed Pension UK Fixed Interest 14/11/2016
Blackrock GF New Energy A2 USD Environmentally Themed SICAV/Offshore* Global Unclassified 05/04/2001
Henderson Global Care Managed A Ethically Balanced OEIC/Unit Trust Global Mixed Asset 01/03/1996 More Info (click to view)

SRI / Ethical Overview

The Global Care Managed Fund is a multi-asset fund and is split broadly 40% international, 40% UK equities and 20% global fixed income. The fund’s objective is to achieve above average long-term capital growth by investing in a mix of assets including UK and overseas equities and fixed interest securities. The Henderson Global SRI Equities team manages the international sleeve of the portfolio and retains overall responsibility for asset allocation decisions. The UK sleeve is managed by the Henderson Global Equity Income team and the global fixed income sleeve is managed by the Henderson Fixed Income team. The international and UK portions of the Fund follow the investment processes of the Global Care Growth Fund and Global Care UK Income Fund respectively.

 

The fund’s ESG principals are centered around both Sustainability and Corporate responsibility:

Sustainability: the long-term social and environmental challenges facing the world are reshaping the economic landscape. Whatever industry or geography a business is in, an environmental and sustainable approach will increasingly be required and rewarded by investors. Additionally, new investment opportunities will be created for those companies providing sustainability solutions.

 

Corporate responsibility: how companies manage their responsibilities in the marketplace, the workplace, in the community and the environment is now an important dimension of business practice, and thus, financial performance. SRI analysis adds value to investment by generating insights into the overall quality of management in the face of changing risks and expectations.

 

SRI / themed / ethical assets under management – overview

 

As of 31.3.2017 Henderson had £962m in SRI strategies of which Nick and Hamish had responsibility for £783m.

 

  • Fund Size (GBP):   £247m at 31.3.2017
  • Total value of SRI/ethical/environmental/ social/ environmental or sustainability themed funds under management:   £962m at 31.3.2017
  • Total value of assets covered by responsible ownership policy:   All of Henderson’s £103.1bn in AuM is covered by the responsible ownership policy
  • Total assets under management:   Henderson had AuM of over £103.1bn at 31.3.2017

 

SRI Policies (Primary strategy in bold)

  • Environmental policy Find investment funds with environmental policies - ie that consider issues such as pollution, climate change, resource management, environmental impact. This will include options from all of the different SRI Styles, including funds where their core strategy is to focus on other areas such as ethical funds. See fund information for fund specific policy details.
  • Health & wellbeing policies Find ethical or sustainable investment fund options that have a policy which supports (ie aims to invest in) companies that are viewed as offering positive lifestyle, health or wellbeing related benefits.
  • Limits exposure to carbon intensive industries Find environmental, sustainable investment, ethical fund and other options that aim to significantly reduce or limit exposure to carbon intensive industries (ie sectors which are major contributors to climate change). Funds vary - strategies may involve excluding sectors such as coal, oil & gas, mining or airlines - or may indicate a 'best in sector' approach is taken. See fund literature for details.
  • Sustainability policy Find fund options that consider issues relating to the sustainability agenda (e.g. resource management, environmental impact, climate change and/or social issues such as equal opportunities, human rights and adherence to recognised codes). This will include funds from all of the different SRI Styles. See fund information for explanations of the different strategies.
  • Ethical policies Find funds with 'traditional' ethical investment policies. These typically focus on avoiding companies that are involved in the armaments industry, tobacco, gambling and/or pornography. Options will include funds where their core strategy or style may be to focus other issues - like sustainability or the environment, not just 'ethical funds'. Strategies vary significantly. Check fund literature for details.
  • Social policy Find fund options that consider social issues (e.g. human rights, labour standards, equal opportunities, child labour and adherence to internationally recognised codes such as the UN Global Compact). This will include funds in most of the different SRI Styles as this is considered a core issue. See fund information for detail.
  • Governance policy Find fund options that have policies that relate to corporate governance issues such as board structure, executive remuneration, bribery and/or corporate corruption. These funds will typically avoid companies with poor practices.
  • Animal welfare policy Find ethical fund options that have policies that require specific animal welfare standards to be adopted by investee companies in order for them to be considered for inclusion within the fund.
  • Nuclear exclusion policy Find ethical funds (and other options) that have a published policy that sets out the fund's position on avoiding or limiting exposure to nuclear power. See fund literature for details of their policy.
  • Animal testing exclusion policy Find ethical investment options that avoid companies that are involved in testing their products on animals. Ethical fund strategies vary - some exclude all companies that test on animals, others allow companies that test for medical purposes or where required by law. Read fund details for fund specific information.
  • Tobacco production avoided Find fund options that exclude manufacturers of tobacco (or related) products. This typically relates to ethical funds however funds from other SRI Styles commonly avoid this area also. Strategies vary and funds may invest in retailers of such products (e.g. supermarkets or hotels.) See fund information for further information.
  • Armaments manufacturers avoided Find ethical fund (and other SRI) options that avoid avoids companies that manufacture products intended specifically for military use. Fund strategies vary - particularly with regard to non strategic military products. Read fund literature for specific details.